Discussion about math, puzzles, games and fun. Useful symbols: ÷ × ½ √ ∞ ≠ ≤ ≥ ≈ ⇒ ± ∈ Δ θ ∴ ∑ ∫ π -¹ ² ³ °

You are not logged in.

- Topics: Active | Unanswered

**gAr****Member**- Registered: 2011-01-09
- Posts: 3,479

Hi,

"Believe nothing, no matter where you read it, or who said it, no matter if I have said it, unless it agrees with your own reason and your own common sense" - Buddha?

"Data! Data! Data!" he cried impatiently. "I can't make bricks without clay."

Offline

**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 107,721

Hi;

I had to trick it into getting an answer. Those are pretty tough integrals.

Where do those problems come from?

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**** Always satisfy the Prime Directive of getting the right answer above all else.**

Offline

**gAr****Member**- Registered: 2011-01-09
- Posts: 3,479

Yes, they are tough. What trick did you perform?

You have been there before: http://people.missouristate.edu/lesreid/Adv97.html

(b) was a part I did thinking the answer would be same as (a)

Will be back soon.

"Believe nothing, no matter where you read it, or who said it, no matter if I have said it, unless it agrees with your own reason and your own common sense" - Buddha?

"Data! Data! Data!" he cried impatiently. "I can't make bricks without clay."

Offline

**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 107,721

For one thing an assumption was necessary for theta and both integrals had to be done in pieces. For some reason this did the trick.

Forgot that place or lost the link.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**** Always satisfy the Prime Directive of getting the right answer above all else.**

Offline

**gAr****Member**- Registered: 2011-01-09
- Posts: 3,479

I see..

It's delightful to work on such problems.

"Believe nothing, no matter where you read it, or who said it, no matter if I have said it, unless it agrees with your own reason and your own common sense" - Buddha?

"Data! Data! Data!" he cried impatiently. "I can't make bricks without clay."

Offline

**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 107,721

I agree. But they can be trying too.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**** Always satisfy the Prime Directive of getting the right answer above all else.**

Offline

**gAr****Member**- Registered: 2011-01-09
- Posts: 3,479

That's true, many things can go wrong here.

Simulation helps a ton!

"Data! Data! Data!" he cried impatiently. "I can't make bricks without clay."

Offline

**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 107,721

It sure does but sometimes even coming up with a simulation is difficult and time consuming.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**** Always satisfy the Prime Directive of getting the right answer above all else.**

Offline

**gAr****Member**- Registered: 2011-01-09
- Posts: 3,479

Yeah, sometimes, particularly when involving a geometrical shape instead of just points and lines.

"Data! Data! Data!" he cried impatiently. "I can't make bricks without clay."

Offline

**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 107,721

The circle is very tricky. I had to write new routines for generating points inside and on the circle that have the right distribution. It took a long time but next time I will be better prepared.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**** Always satisfy the Prime Directive of getting the right answer above all else.**

Offline

**gAr****Member**- Registered: 2011-01-09
- Posts: 3,479

Mark H. told me how to get the points.

r^2 must be uniformly distributed in [0,a^2]. Then take the root of the generated values.

"Data! Data! Data!" he cried impatiently. "I can't make bricks without clay."

Offline

**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 107,721

Hi;

What is that for?

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**** Always satisfy the Prime Directive of getting the right answer above all else.**

Offline

**gAr****Member**- Registered: 2011-01-09
- Posts: 3,479

'a' is the given radius (In our problem, a=1). 'r' is the distance of P from center.

"Data! Data! Data!" he cried impatiently. "I can't make bricks without clay."

Offline

**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 107,721

So you used the square root of the random number you got from the uniform distribution twice to get (x,y)?

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**** Always satisfy the Prime Directive of getting the right answer above all else.**

Offline

**gAr****Member**- Registered: 2011-01-09
- Posts: 3,479

Not twice, y can be fixed to 0.

"Data! Data! Data!" he cried impatiently. "I can't make bricks without clay."

Offline

**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 107,721

But if you wanted to fill the circle with that idea you would have to use it for both (x,y)?

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**** Always satisfy the Prime Directive of getting the right answer above all else.**

Offline

**gAr****Member**- Registered: 2011-01-09
- Posts: 3,479

To fill a circle, obtain random angles in [0, 2π), then the points would be (r cos θ, r sin θ).

"Data! Data! Data!" he cried impatiently. "I can't make bricks without clay."

Offline

**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 107,721

Hi;

That is close to what I did to. I will see you later, Thanks for the problems!

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**** Always satisfy the Prime Directive of getting the right answer above all else.**

Offline

**gAr****Member**- Registered: 2011-01-09
- Posts: 3,479

Okay, see you later.

"Data! Data! Data!" he cried impatiently. "I can't make bricks without clay."

Offline

**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: Harlan's World
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 16,018

Hi gAr

You're right. I misread the problem and thought the P is a point **on** the circle.

Here lies the reader who will never open this book. He is forever dead.

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

Offline

**gAr****Member**- Registered: 2011-01-09
- Posts: 3,479

Hi anonimnystefy,

Okay.

"Data! Data! Data!" he cried impatiently. "I can't make bricks without clay."

Offline

**gAr****Member**- Registered: 2011-01-09
- Posts: 3,479

New problem:

** There are two fair, six sided dice. 'A' throws a die till she gets a sequence of '11'. 'B' throws the other die till he gets a sequence of '12'.What is the probability that A throws the die more number of times than B?**

"Data! Data! Data!" he cried impatiently. "I can't make bricks without clay."

Offline

**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 107,721

Hi gAr;

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**** Always satisfy the Prime Directive of getting the right answer above all else.**

Offline

**gAr****Member**- Registered: 2011-01-09
- Posts: 3,479

Hi bobbym,

"Data! Data! Data!" he cried impatiently. "I can't make bricks without clay."

Offline

**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 107,721

Hi gAr;

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**** Always satisfy the Prime Directive of getting the right answer above all else.**

Offline