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**pH = 0**

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I believe that there can't be any acid with its pH exactly equal to zero. It would mean the Hydrogen Activity to be ONE. But since I do not know what the definition of Hydrogen Activity is exactly.

Please suggest an way to explain it

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'God exists because Mathematics is consistent, and the devil exists because we cannot prove it'

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 88,957

Hi Agnishom;

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.**

**I agree with you regarding the satisfaction and importance of actually computing some numbers. I can't tell you how often I see time and money wasted because someone didn't bother to run the numbers.**

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So is it really really possible,

that an acid has 0 pH

'And fun? If maths is fun, then getting a tooth extraction is fun. A viral infection is fun. Rabies shots are fun.'

'God exists because Mathematics is consistent, and the devil exists because we cannot prove it'

'You have made another human being happy. There is no greater accomplishment.' -bobbym

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 88,957

Yes, I only thought a ph of 1 was possible. There are also super acids that are stronger than the big 3 ( HCl, HNO3, H2SO4).

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.**

**I agree with you regarding the satisfaction and importance of actually computing some numbers. I can't tell you how often I see time and money wasted because someone didn't bother to run the numbers.**

**Online**

But pH of HCl is 0, how can any acid be stronger?

'And fun? If maths is fun, then getting a tooth extraction is fun. A viral infection is fun. Rabies shots are fun.'

'God exists because Mathematics is consistent, and the devil exists because we cannot prove it'

'You have made another human being happy. There is no greater accomplishment.' -bobbym

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 88,957

Hi;

Ph is a bit more complicated than that. See if you like this:

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.**

**I agree with you regarding the satisfaction and importance of actually computing some numbers. I can't tell you how often I see time and money wasted because someone didn't bother to run the numbers.**

**Online**

Either it is difficult to understand or I cannot pay enough concentration

'God exists because Mathematics is consistent, and the devil exists because we cannot prove it'

'You have made another human being happy. There is no greater accomplishment.' -bobbym

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 88,957

It is very difficult. Seems there are now a couple of acids that are a million times stronger than H2SO4.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.**

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: The Foundation
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 15,606

The strongest known superacid is fluoroantimonic acid which is 2 milliard times stronger than the 100% sulfuric acid.

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Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

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**bob bundy****Moderator**- Registered: 2010-06-20
- Posts: 6,469

hi Agnishom

I did not know this, but my wife does. She has a degree in chemistry!

The 1 - 14 introduction to pH is a simplification.

The proper definition for ph is minus log (concentration of hydrated hydrogen ions in moles per cubic decimetre).

The graph below shows in sketch form how the pH varies with concentration.

Thus 0 is not the lower limit. For example, two molar hydrochloric acid (she has used this in her science lab) has a pH of -0.3

Bob

You cannot teach a man anything; you can only help him find it within himself..........Galileo Galilei

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So chemistry is quite dynamic

'God exists because Mathematics is consistent, and the devil exists because we cannot prove it'

'You have made another human being happy. There is no greater accomplishment.' -bobbym

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**bob bundy****Moderator**- Registered: 2010-06-20
- Posts: 6,469

Well, I'm not sure what you mean by dynamic. Her lab still has the marks from when an experiment went a bit too violently and splatted all over the ceiling. Her class, of course, thought it was GREAT!

Back to pH. Not even the 'pure water is 7' tells the whole truth apparently.

It depends on the temperature (and maybe the pressure). So water could have a pH that is a little under or over 7.

There must be a lower limit, but she is not sure what it is. Other physical forces would eventually come into play.

Bob

You cannot teach a man anything; you can only help him find it within himself..........Galileo Galilei

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What is the pH of boiling water??

'God exists because Mathematics is consistent, and the devil exists because we cannot prove it'

'You have made another human being happy. There is no greater accomplishment.' -bobbym

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: The Foundation
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 15,606

Hi Agnishom

If the water contains minerals, then they get removed from the water during the boiling, so the pH of boiling water is closer to 7 than the pH of regular water. If the water was pure, then the pH before, during and after the boiling is the same and equal to 7.

Hi Bob

Can the pH be >14?

*Last edited by anonimnystefy (2012-08-28 02:16:41)*

Here lies the reader who will never open this book. He is forever dead.

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

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**bob bundy****Moderator**- Registered: 2010-06-20
- Posts: 6,469

Just got home from a trip.

What is the pH of boiling water??

Mrs B says 6 point something.

Can the pH be >14?

Mrs B doesn't know. shock!

I'll try to get better answers to these and again post later.

LATER EDIT: I've had a trawl around the internet and it seems that ph > 14 is possible. See, for example,

http://www.smc.edu/AcademicPrograms/Phy … cedure.pdf

And for boiling water:

http://www.brookscole.com/chemistry_d/t … ofab7.html

Bob

You cannot teach a man anything; you can only help him find it within himself..........Galileo Galilei

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: The Foundation
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 15,606

Actually, nevermind, I found it. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Superbase

Is the pH of boiling and boiled water the same?

Here lies the reader who will never open this book. He is forever dead.

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

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