Discussion about math, puzzles, games and fun. Useful symbols: ÷ × ½ √ ∞ ≠ ≤ ≥ ≈ ⇒ ± ∈ Δ θ ∴ ∑ ∫ π -¹ ² ³ °

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**Jai Ganesh****Administrator**- Registered: 2005-06-28
- Posts: 47,810

Hebrew letter Aleph, Used in Mathematics, Number Theory, as in Aleph Null Partial, pronounced doe Greek letter Delta, Triangle in Geometry Infinity Greek letter Sigma, Sum, Summation Union, in Set theoryIntersection, in Set theory Subset, in Set Theory Superset, In Set Theory Parallel Perpendicular Approximately Congruence Proportional to Belongs to, in Set theory Less than or equal toGreater than or equal to Not equal toNot approximately Plus or minus Empty set, containing no elements

It appears to me that if one wants to make progress in mathematics, one should study the masters and not the pupils. - Niels Henrik Abel.

Nothing is better than reading and gaining more and more knowledge - Stephen William Hawking.

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**Jai Ganesh****Administrator**- Registered: 2005-06-28
- Posts: 47,810

Pi, Greek alphabet, denoting the ratio of circumference of a circle to its diameter. Approximately 22/7. Approximately 3.14Delta, Greek alphabet, denoting a small quantity Vector a Unit vector a

It appears to me that if one wants to make progress in mathematics, one should study the masters and not the pupils. - Niels Henrik Abel.

Nothing is better than reading and gaining more and more knowledge - Stephen William Hawking.

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**Jai Ganesh****Administrator**- Registered: 2005-06-28
- Posts: 47,810

= Alpha, Greek Alphabet, In Physics (Mechanics), denotes acceleration = Omega, Greek Alphabet, In Physics (Mechanics), denotes angular velocity = Beta, Greek alphabet, In atomics physics, denotes a type of particles, Beta particles. = Gamma, Greek Alphabet, In atomic and nuclear physics, denotes a kind of rays, Gamma rays.

It appears to me that if one wants to make progress in mathematics, one should study the masters and not the pupils. - Niels Henrik Abel.

Nothing is better than reading and gaining more and more knowledge - Stephen William Hawking.

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**Jai Ganesh****Administrator**- Registered: 2005-06-28
- Posts: 47,810

= Greek letter, Tau, in Physics, Mechanics, Torque. = Greek letter, mu, in Physics, in Electiricty and Magnetism, Permeability. = Greek letter, nu, in Physics, Optics, Refractive Index = Greek letter, eta, in Physics, used to denote coefficient of Viscosity in Hydrodynamics, Hydostatics = Greek letter, Sigma, lower case, in Physics = Greek letter, Omega, upper case

Nothing is better than reading and gaining more and more knowledge - Stephen William Hawking.

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**Jai Ganesh****Administrator**- Registered: 2005-06-28
- Posts: 47,810

= Root, if no number other than 2 is put inside the symbol, Square root = Power of, usually. This is not a universal code in mathematics though. = Tetration, in number theory in Mathematics. As in Knuth's up-arrow notation.

Nothing is better than reading and gaining more and more knowledge - Stephen William Hawking.

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**Identity****Member**- Registered: 2007-04-18
- Posts: 934

Do you know what this symbol is? I remember seeing it somewhere, but I don't know what it means. You can delete my post after.

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**mathsyperson****Moderator**- Registered: 2005-06-22
- Posts: 4,900

I believe that that's used in sets.

If

Why did the vector cross the road?

It wanted to be normal.

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**Jai Ganesh****Administrator**- Registered: 2005-06-28
- Posts: 47,810

= Angle = Negation, in Symbolic logic = And, in symbolic logic = Or, in Symbolic logic

*Last edited by MathsIsFun (2008-11-02 08:16:16)*

Nothing is better than reading and gaining more and more knowledge - Stephen William Hawking.

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**Jai Ganesh****Administrator**- Registered: 2005-06-28
- Posts: 47,810

Up arrow as in Donald Knuth's up arrow notation. Up arrow as in Donald Knuth's up arrow notation. Chained arrow as in John Conway's chained arrow notation.

Nothing is better than reading and gaining more and more knowledge - Stephen William Hawking.

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**Ricky****Moderator**- Registered: 2005-12-04
- Posts: 3,791

: Tensor product

: Direct sum

: Direct product

: Direct sum

: Direct product

"In the real world, this would be a problem. But in mathematics, we can just define a place where this problem doesn't exist. So we'll go ahead and do that now..."

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**Jai Ganesh****Administrator**- Registered: 2005-06-28
- Posts: 47,810

: Contains as a member: Not an element of : much less than: much greater than : congruent to : asymptotic : not equal to : not less than : not greater than : not less than or equal to : not greater than or equal to : not subset : not superset : not similar : not congruent : not approximately equal to : not asymptotic

*Last edited by MathsIsFun (2008-11-02 08:19:50)*

Nothing is better than reading and gaining more and more knowledge - Stephen William Hawking.

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**Daniel123****Member**- Registered: 2007-05-23
- Posts: 663

I came across this symbol today as a subscript to L, and it meant luminosity using the sun's as a base - so I'm guessing it means "using the stated base".

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**All_Is_Number****Member**- Registered: 2006-07-10
- Posts: 258

ganesh wrote:

= And, in symbolic logic = Or, in Symbolic logic

I believe those are reversed.

= Or (corresponding to )and

= And (corresponding to )*You can shear a sheep many times but skin him only once.*

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**All_Is_Number****Member**- Registered: 2006-07-10
- Posts: 258

ganesh wrote:

: Contains as a member: Not an element of
: Does not belong to, in set theory

*You can shear a sheep many times but skin him only once.*

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**MathsIsFun****Administrator**- Registered: 2005-01-21
- Posts: 7,713

All_Is_Number: I think you are right ... does anyone else concur/disagree?

If we get agreement I can simply edit the original post

"The physicists defer only to mathematicians, and the mathematicians defer only to God ..." - Leon M. Lederman

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**mathsyperson****Moderator**- Registered: 2005-06-22
- Posts: 4,900

Yes, I'd agree with those.

I vaguely remember there being a discussion/argument about this before.

Maybe people started getting abusive and it got deleted?

(Or maybe I made it all up )

Why did the vector cross the road?

It wanted to be normal.

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**integer****Member**- Registered: 2008-02-21
- Posts: 79

How are the symbols accessed?

How can I generate/create a symbol?

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**mathsyperson****Moderator**- Registered: 2005-06-22
- Posts: 4,900

The symbols are part of the LaTeX language that can be used on this forum.

You can post LaTeX by using

There's a fairly thorough tutorial on LaTeX stickied in Help Me!. You can also click on any LaTeX image (like all the ones in the posts above) to see the code that made it.

Why did the vector cross the road?

It wanted to be normal.

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**MathsIsFun****Administrator**- Registered: 2005-01-21
- Posts: 7,713

Fixed both, thanks All_Is_Number and mathsy

"The physicists defer only to mathematicians, and the mathematicians defer only to God ..." - Leon M. Lederman

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**DeanPemberton****Member**- From: USA
- Registered: 2014-10-30
- Posts: 20
- Website

I noted down all the symbols that was given here and also other symbols which was important for me and posted in others. All the symbols are really important for me.

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