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## #1 2007-11-01 06:23:33

JaneFairfax
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### Jane’s exercises II

I thought I’d start a new exercise thread since nobody seems to be reading the first thread any more.

1.
Let a1, a2, … ak be k consecutive terms of an arithmetic progression with common difference d (where the ai are integers). Show that if gcd(k,d) = 1, then k divides ar for some r = 1, …, k.

2.
Let a, b, c be three consecutive integers. Prove that at least one of 10a−1, 10b−1 and 10c−1, is not prime.

Last edited by JaneFairfax (2007-12-31 05:53:00)

Q: Who wrote the novels Mrs Dalloway and To the Lighthouse?

## #2 2007-11-06 13:37:52

mason777
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### Re: Jane’s exercises II

uuhhh... nice,i guess LOL MAN THATS CONFUSING

Man, what a pain...

## #3 2007-11-06 22:59:27

JaneFairfax
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### Re: Jane’s exercises II

Yeah, I made both problems up myself. On reflection, I now realize that #1 is a bit on the tough side. Sorry.

Last edited by JaneFairfax (2007-11-06 23:25:32)

Q: Who wrote the novels Mrs Dalloway and To the Lighthouse?

## #4 2007-11-20 08:57:40

Kurre
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### Re: Jane’s exercises II

edit: forgot to hide it

Last edited by Kurre (2007-11-21 03:13:50)

## #5 2007-12-08 03:06:43

JaneFairfax
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### Re: Jane’s exercises II

3.

Let f and g be real-valued functions which are twice differentiable on an interval I. Show that if f″(x) ≠ g″(x) for all xI, the graphs y = f(x) and y = g(x) cannot intersect each other more than twice in the interval I.

Q: Who wrote the novels Mrs Dalloway and To the Lighthouse?

## #6 2007-12-09 04:50:49

John E. Franklin
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### Re: Jane’s exercises II

igloo myrtilles fourmis

## #7 2007-12-09 05:11:33

JaneFairfax
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### Re: Jane’s exercises II

Q: Who wrote the novels Mrs Dalloway and To the Lighthouse?

## #8 2007-12-24 14:04:13

JaneFairfax
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### Re: Jane’s exercises II

3.

a, b, c, d are real numbers such that 0 ≤ abcd and a + db + c. Show that adbc.

Q: Who wrote the novels Mrs Dalloway and To the Lighthouse?

## #9 2007-12-25 07:09:17

tony123
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### Re: Jane’s exercises II

a, b, c, d are real numbers such that 0 ≤ a ≤ b ≤ c ≤ d and a + d ≤ b + c. Show that ad ≤ bc.

let

a+d≤b+c

a+a+z≤a+x+a+y

z≤x+y

=a(z-x-y)-xy≤0

## #10 2007-12-25 20:57:39

JaneFairfax
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### Re: Jane’s exercises II

Nice work. (The last part of the proof needs a little bit of touching up, that’a all.)

4.

Let a, b, x, y be rational numbers. Consider the following statement.

(i) Give a counterexample to show that the above statement, as it stands, is not true.
(ii) What condition must be imposed on the above statement to make it true?

Q: Who wrote the novels Mrs Dalloway and To the Lighthouse?

## #11 2007-12-26 03:05:07

mathsyperson
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### Re: Jane’s exercises II

I had another method for 3 half-formed in my mind yesterday.
After a good night's sleep I've fortified it, so I thought I'd post even though I'm late.

Let p and q be the mean and half-range of a and d, and define r and s similarly for b and c. That is:

p = (a+d)/2
q = (d-a)/2
r = (b+c)/2
s = (c-b)/2

Then it is a simple matter to show that:

p-q = a
p+q = d
r-s = b
r+s = c

Therefore ad = (p-q)(p+q) = p²-q² and bc = (r-s)(r+s) = r²-s².

Further, using the fact that 0≤a≤b≤c≤d shows that c-b≤d-b≤d-a and so s≤q.
Also, since a+d≤b+c, then p≤r.

Hence p²-q² ≤ r²-q² ≤ r²-s² and thusly ad ≤ bc, WWWWW.

Why did the vector cross the road?
It wanted to be normal.

## #12 2008-01-08 00:44:27

JaneFairfax
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### Re: Jane’s exercises II

Nice solution, Mathsy.

Actually #3 wasn’t exactly mine; it was something I copied from the Web, which I managed to solve myself. Anyway, the following exercise question is mine.

#5

A cubic polynomial

has roots
. Another cubic polynomial
has roots
. If the leading term in
is
, find (in terms of p, q and r) the coefficient of the term in
in
.

Q: Who wrote the novels Mrs Dalloway and To the Lighthouse?

## #13 2008-02-23 02:08:17

Kurre
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### Re: Jane’s exercises II

5#
There is probably noone looking here, but anyway:P:
lets call the requested coefficient t.
according to vietes identity:

we have that p=a+b+c, q=ab+bc+ac, r=abc, so that gives:

if we take (a+b+c)^3 we get:

therefor

thus

## #14 2008-02-23 12:01:31

JaneFairfax
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### Re: Jane’s exercises II

You could also make use of the following very useful identity:

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## #15 2008-02-29 12:20:12

JaneFairfax
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### Re: Jane’s exercises II

#6

Prove that for all positive integers n,

.               .

Q: Who wrote the novels Mrs Dalloway and To the Lighthouse?

## #16 2008-04-14 20:24:35

JaneFairfax
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### Re: Jane’s exercises II

#7

Solve the following differential equation:

Q: Who wrote the novels Mrs Dalloway and To the Lighthouse?

## #17 2008-05-13 11:58:36

JaneFairfax
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### Re: Jane’s exercises II

#8

Q: Who wrote the novels Mrs Dalloway and To the Lighthouse?

## #18 2008-05-16 23:20:35

Kurre
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### Re: Jane’s exercises II

Using the inequality between arithmetic and geometric metdium yields:

equality holds if and only if ab=2bc=4ca

letting ab=1/c, bc=1/a, ca=1/b, yields
1/c=2/a=4/b -> b=2a and c=a/2
abc=1 ->a*2a*a/2=1 -> a=1, which gives that b=2, c=1/2

## #19 2008-05-16 23:42:30

Kurre
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### Re: Jane’s exercises II

#7

integration gives

same as

with solutions:

nice problem btw

Last edited by Kurre (2008-05-16 23:59:06)

## #20 2008-05-17 04:52:57

JaneFairfax
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### Re: Jane’s exercises II

Very nicely done, Kurre!

Q: Who wrote the novels Mrs Dalloway and To the Lighthouse?

## #21 2008-05-25 10:34:18

JaneFairfax
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### Re: Jane’s exercises II

#8

Suppose the roots of the cubic equation

are all real and non-negative. Prove that

What condition is necessary and sufficient for equality to occur?

Q: Who wrote the novels Mrs Dalloway and To the Lighthouse?

Kurre
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## #23 2008-05-26 02:41:47

JaneFairfax
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### Re: Jane’s exercises II

Last edited by JaneFairfax (2008-05-26 02:52:21)

Q: Who wrote the novels Mrs Dalloway and To the Lighthouse?

## #24 2008-05-26 03:25:29

Kurre
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### Re: Jane’s exercises II

Its also possible to use the rearrangement inequality directly on the first inequality. However, I spotted an error on my solution to the second one:

## #25 2008-07-01 12:40:21

JaneFairfax
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### Re: Jane’s exercises II

#9

Let R and S be rings with multiplicative identities 1R and 1S respectively and suppose f:RS is a function which preserves multiplication (i.e. f(xy) = f(x)f(y) for all x, yR). Show that if f does not map all the elements of R into the zero element of S and S is an integral domain, then f(1R) = 1S.
­

Q: Who wrote the novels Mrs Dalloway and To the Lighthouse?