In triangle ABC, AB = 5, AC = 4, and BC = 3. Let P be the point on the circumcircle of triangle ABC so that \angle PCA = 45^\circ. Find CP.
This is pretty hard. I got to where AB is a diameter (ACB is 90 degrees) and the radius is 2.5, but what next?
Good. You can read.
The following method will work but I'll keep looking for a quicker way.
You're right about AB being a diameter so I've marked the centre as O, and there are lots of radii that must therefore be 2.5 long.
In my diagram I have also marked the midpoints of AC as D and of PC as E.
Triangles OAC and separately POC, are isosceles and the lines from O to those midpoints will cut each isosceles triangle down the middle. That means there will be a right angled triangle in each half.
Now lots of trigonometry.
Use acos(2/2.5) to get angle OCD and hence calculate angle OCE.
Now you can use that to calculate EC and double this to get PC.
Last edited by bob bundy (2014-02-08 22:08:57)