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## #1 2013-06-14 00:49:09

phanthanhtom
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### Words for combinatorial maths

I'm having trouble fitting words into the following definitions.
Given a set of n non-recurring objects, S = {a1, a2, a3, ..., an}, and a number k such that 0 <= k <= n. Find words that fit in the following definition.
a, A way of arranging all n objects (order matters, formula n!).
b, A way of choosing AND arranging k out of the n objects (order matters, formula n!/k!)
c, A way of choosing k out of the n objects (order does NOT matters, formula n!/k!(n-k)!)
d, A way of choosing AND arranging k objects from S, repetition allowed, order matters.
e, A way of choosing k objects from S, repetition allowed, order does NOT matters.
Note: If not mention, repetition is not allowed.
P.S. I have no experience using maths formula on this forum, so I prefer not to do so. But I hope I can learn how to do so.

## #2 2013-06-14 00:51:46

bobbym

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### Re: Words for combinatorial maths

Hi;

You can use this site to do your latexing for you.

http://latex.codecogs.com/editor.php

I would think that for the rest of those you would consult your textbook. Is it the Rosen book?

In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.
I have the result, but I do not yet know how to get it.
All physicists, and a good many quite respectable mathematicians are contemptuous about proof.

## #3 2013-06-14 01:24:38

phanthanhtom
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### Re: Words for combinatorial maths

Given a set of n non-recurring objects,

, and a number k such that
. Find words that fit in the following definition.
a, A way of arranging all n objects (order matters, formula
).
b, A way of choosing AND arranging k out of the n objects (order matters, formula
)
c, A way of choosing k out of the n objects (order does NOT matters, formula
)
d, A way of choosing AND arranging k objects from S, repetition allowed, order matters.
e, A way of choosing k objects from S, repetition allowed, order does NOT matters.
Note: If not mentioned, repetition is not allowed.
P.S. Sorry for the older post, it's just an experiment. I forgot to put the formula tag in. Again, sorry.

Last edited by phanthanhtom (2013-06-14 01:26:15)

## #4 2013-06-14 01:29:18

bobbym

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### Re: Words for combinatorial maths

For d) that is all you have?

In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.
I have the result, but I do not yet know how to get it.
All physicists, and a good many quite respectable mathematicians are contemptuous about proof.

## #5 2013-06-14 01:30:17

phanthanhtom
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### Re: Words for combinatorial maths

What do you mean? I don't know the formula!

Last edited by phanthanhtom (2013-06-14 01:30:39)

## #6 2013-06-14 01:36:13

bobbym

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### Re: Words for combinatorial maths

How many are being picked from S? n objects? 3 objects k - n objects?

In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.
I have the result, but I do not yet know how to get it.
All physicists, and a good many quite respectable mathematicians are contemptuous about proof.

## #7 2013-06-14 01:39:05

phanthanhtom
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### Re: Words for combinatorial maths

d. For example if k=5, then (a1, a2, a2, a3, a3) would be a solution (repetition allowed), and it would be different from, say, (a1, a2, a3, a2, a3).
e. The above 2 would be the same solution, as order doesn't matter.

## #8 2013-06-14 01:47:29

bobbym

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### Re: Words for combinatorial maths

Hi;

d, A way of choosing AND arranging k objects from S, repetition allowed, order matters.

Choosing k objects from n distinct objects with repetition and order matters is n ^ k

In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.
I have the result, but I do not yet know how to get it.
All physicists, and a good many quite respectable mathematicians are contemptuous about proof.

## #9 2013-06-14 01:49:32

phanthanhtom
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### Re: Words for combinatorial maths

For k=3, n=5:
a. (a1, a2, a3, a4, a5) and (a1, a3, a4, a2, a5) are different solutions. All solutions contains all 5 objects.
b. (a1, a2, a3), (a1, a2, a4), (a1, a3, a2) are different solutions. (a1, a1, a4) is not, for repetition not allowed.
c. (a1, a2, a3) and (a2, a3, a5) are different solutions. (a1, a2, a3) and (a2, a3, a1) are the same. (a1, a3, a3) is not a solution.
I'm afraid I would be away now because it's late. I'll be back GMT 8:00 am. So I look for the answers then.
And I only need the words. I'm sure I know the formulae, just I don't have enough time.

Last edited by phanthanhtom (2013-06-14 01:50:35)

## #10 2013-06-14 21:31:28

phanthanhtom
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### Re: Words for combinatorial maths

And the formula for e is

## #11 2013-06-14 21:59:08

bobbym

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### Re: Words for combinatorial maths

Hi;

You might want to take a look here  when you have time.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twelvefold_way

In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.
I have the result, but I do not yet know how to get it.
All physicists, and a good many quite respectable mathematicians are contemptuous about proof.

## #12 2013-06-14 23:06:31

phanthanhtom
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### Re: Words for combinatorial maths

Thanks, but I stress again that I need the official NAME, not the formulae.

## #13 2013-06-14 23:09:25

bobbym

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### Re: Words for combinatorial maths

Hi;

They are usually defined or named in terms of balls or objects in boxes or urns. I have never heard of anything else. That page is from Rota, it covers every type of combinatorics problem there is.

In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.
I have the result, but I do not yet know how to get it.
All physicists, and a good many quite respectable mathematicians are contemptuous about proof.

## #14 2013-06-15 01:05:03

phanthanhtom
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### Re: Words for combinatorial maths

Thank you. The Vietnamese names for them roughly translates to:
A. permutation
B. partial permutation
C. combination
D. partial permutation with repetition
E. combination with repetition
I am looking for formal and better alternatives, for I translate by my knowledge all these names, and it would be really important for BIMC.

## #15 2013-06-15 01:07:02

bobbym

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### Re: Words for combinatorial maths

A partial permutation? Is that when you do not use all the elements of the set?

In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.
I have the result, but I do not yet know how to get it.
All physicists, and a good many quite respectable mathematicians are contemptuous about proof.

## #16 2013-06-15 01:08:12

phanthanhtom
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### Re: Words for combinatorial maths

Yes you're right.

## #17 2013-06-15 01:14:22

phanthanhtom
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### Re: Words for combinatorial maths

In other words, partial permutation <=> k < n

## #18 2013-06-15 01:15:14

bobbym

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### Re: Words for combinatorial maths

They are best done with exponential generating functions.

In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.
I have the result, but I do not yet know how to get it.
All physicists, and a good many quite respectable mathematicians are contemptuous about proof.

## #19 2013-06-15 01:15:31

phanthanhtom
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### Re: Words for combinatorial maths

Again, I am looking for alternative names. I finished reading that twelvefold Wikipedia article. Formulae enough.

## #20 2013-06-15 01:17:09

bobbym

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### Re: Words for combinatorial maths

Okay, if I see anything different I will add it here.

In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.
I have the result, but I do not yet know how to get it.
All physicists, and a good many quite respectable mathematicians are contemptuous about proof.

phanthanhtom
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Thanks