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#1 2006-02-04 01:48:10

DeadOrAlive
Member
Registered: 2006-02-04
Posts: 5

Quadratic Equation - cant do it!

please help me do this dunno

a body moving with uniform acceleration exhibits the relationship

s=ut+0.5at^2


s= distance
u= initial velocity
a= acceleration
t= time

if an object falls and passes a point 40m above ground at a velocity of 10m/s how long does it take to hit the ground by:

1. using the quadratic equation
2. graphically


i only need to know one as i will do 2 at college. please help thankyou

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#2 2006-02-04 02:30:28

mathsyperson
Moderator
Registered: 2005-06-22
Posts: 4,900

Re: Quadratic Equation - cant do it!

Just plug everything into the equation you've got.

s=40
u=10
a=9.8 (acceleration due to gravity close to the Earth's surface)
t=?

40 = 10t + 0.5*9.8*t²

4.9t² + 10t - 40 = 0

That's just a quadratic equation, which you can easily solve using the quadratic formula:

Substituting the values gives an answer of 2.01 seconds, to 3 significant figures.


Why did the vector cross the road?
It wanted to be normal.

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#3 2006-02-04 03:10:48

DeadOrAlive
Member
Registered: 2006-02-04
Posts: 5

Re: Quadratic Equation - cant do it!

thanks a lot but what is a b and c?

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#4 2006-02-04 03:38:52

irspow
Member
Registered: 2005-11-24
Posts: 455

Re: Quadratic Equation - cant do it!

Quadratic equations are of the form:

ax² + bx + c = y,   a, b, and c are just the constants before the variables.

Like a would be the constant term before the x² and so forth.

Your equation above does not describe something falling however.

1) There is no initial height.

2) The initial velocity would suggest that it was going up and not down (though you can have positive values for problems like this)

3) If we are using gravity, then the acceleration would be negative and not positive.


A free-fall position formula should take the form:

Yf = Yi + vt - .5gt²;  Yf = final height, Yi = initial height, v = initial velocity


The way that you have it written states that:

Yi = 40m,  v = +10m/s,  a = -9.8m/s²

So,

  0 = 40 + 10t - 4.9t² (when it hits the ground Yf = 0)

In normal quadratic form:

-4.9t² + 10t + 40 = 0

Using the quadradic equation:

  [-10 ± √(100 + 784)] / -9.8

t = -2.01348... and 4.054299...

Since time cannot be negative;

t ≈ 4.0543s

Sorry Mathsyperson, you forgot to use the correct conditions stipulated by the problem.  Don't let Mathsy's error confuse you about his math ability, he is very astute.

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#5 2006-02-04 15:42:28

Tigeree
Member
Registered: 2005-11-19
Posts: 13,848

Re: Quadratic Equation - cant do it!

yikes_____________________nice neutral


People don't notice whether it's winter or summer when they're happy.
~ Anton Chekhov
Cheer up, emo kid.

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