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## #1 2012-11-05 09:54:50

anonimnystefy
Real Member

Online

### Expectation

Here's a thread on expectation i.e. expected values. Post any problems on the mentioned subject here if yu want to. :-)

Last edited by anonimnystefy (2012-11-05 09:55:03)

The limit operator is just an excuse for doing something you know you can't.
“It's the subject that nobody knows anything about that we can all talk about!” ― Richard Feynman
“A secret's worth depends on the people from whom it must be kept.” ― Carlos Ruiz Zafón

## #2 2012-11-05 10:07:17

bobbym

Online

### Re: Expectation

Hi;

problem 1
This one is easy ( sure it is, once you have seen it 151 times ).
What is the expected number of tosses of a coin before a head comes up. Show your answer in at least 4 different ways.

In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.
90% of mathematicians do not understand 90% of currently published mathematics.
I am willing to wager that over 75% of the new words that appeared were nothing more than spelling errors that caught on.

## #3 2012-11-05 10:19:24

anonimnystefy
Real Member

Online

### Re: Expectation

Hi bobbym

The limit operator is just an excuse for doing something you know you can't.
“It's the subject that nobody knows anything about that we can all talk about!” ― Richard Feynman
“A secret's worth depends on the people from whom it must be kept.” ― Carlos Ruiz Zafón

## #4 2012-11-05 10:28:58

bobbym

Online

### Re: Expectation

In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.
90% of mathematicians do not understand 90% of currently published mathematics.
I am willing to wager that over 75% of the new words that appeared were nothing more than spelling errors that caught on.

## #5 2012-11-05 10:36:15

anonimnystefy
Real Member

Online

### Re: Expectation

Hi bobbym

The limit operator is just an excuse for doing something you know you can't.
“It's the subject that nobody knows anything about that we can all talk about!” ― Richard Feynman
“A secret's worth depends on the people from whom it must be kept.” ― Carlos Ruiz Zafón

## #6 2012-11-05 10:42:44

bobbym

Online

### Re: Expectation

Hi;

In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.
90% of mathematicians do not understand 90% of currently published mathematics.
I am willing to wager that over 75% of the new words that appeared were nothing more than spelling errors that caught on.

## #7 2012-11-05 10:46:24

anonimnystefy
Real Member

Online

### Re: Expectation

Nope. It has a k in the exponent, not k-1. The probability of getting k heads before a tails appears is (1/2)^k and the probability that a tails then appears is 1/2.

The limit operator is just an excuse for doing something you know you can't.
“It's the subject that nobody knows anything about that we can all talk about!” ― Richard Feynman
“A secret's worth depends on the people from whom it must be kept.” ― Carlos Ruiz Zafón

## #8 2012-11-05 10:59:50

bobbym

Online

### Re: Expectation

Could be a problem with the wording. In this case we count the toss where the head comes up too.

In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.
90% of mathematicians do not understand 90% of currently published mathematics.
I am willing to wager that over 75% of the new words that appeared were nothing more than spelling errors that caught on.

## #9 2012-11-05 11:07:12

anonimnystefy
Real Member

Online

### Re: Expectation

Yeah. I just assumed it to mean the number of tosses you do before (literally before) you toss a head comes up. Either way, that is one way of getting it. The other is to do a simulation, see what the result is empitically and then try to prove (or not :) that the result is indeed what we got from the simulation. I haven't a clue about what two more metgods could be...

The limit operator is just an excuse for doing something you know you can't.
“It's the subject that nobody knows anything about that we can all talk about!” ― Richard Feynman
“A secret's worth depends on the people from whom it must be kept.” ― Carlos Ruiz Zafón

## #10 2012-11-05 11:17:25

bobbym

Online

### Re: Expectation

Hi;

In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.
90% of mathematicians do not understand 90% of currently published mathematics.
I am willing to wager that over 75% of the new words that appeared were nothing more than spelling errors that caught on.

## #11 2012-11-05 11:39:40

anonimnystefy
Real Member

Online

### Re: Expectation

And the fourth?

The limit operator is just an excuse for doing something you know you can't.
“It's the subject that nobody knows anything about that we can all talk about!” ― Richard Feynman
“A secret's worth depends on the people from whom it must be kept.” ― Carlos Ruiz Zafón

## #12 2012-11-05 11:40:35

bobbym

Online

### Re: Expectation

Markov chain is another way.

In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.
90% of mathematicians do not understand 90% of currently published mathematics.
I am willing to wager that over 75% of the new words that appeared were nothing more than spelling errors that caught on.

## #13 2012-11-05 11:42:23

anonimnystefy
Real Member

Online

### Re: Expectation

How would you do it with a Markov chain?

The limit operator is just an excuse for doing something you know you can't.
“It's the subject that nobody knows anything about that we can all talk about!” ― Richard Feynman
“A secret's worth depends on the people from whom it must be kept.” ― Carlos Ruiz Zafón

## #14 2012-11-05 11:52:45

bobbym

Online

### Re: Expectation

Hi;

In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.
90% of mathematicians do not understand 90% of currently published mathematics.
I am willing to wager that over 75% of the new words that appeared were nothing more than spelling errors that caught on.

## #15 2012-11-05 12:57:59

anonimnystefy
Real Member

Online

### Re: Expectation

What do those entries represent?

The limit operator is just an excuse for doing something you know you can't.
“It's the subject that nobody knows anything about that we can all talk about!” ― Richard Feynman
“A secret's worth depends on the people from whom it must be kept.” ― Carlos Ruiz Zafón

## #16 2012-11-05 15:35:11

bobbym

Online

### Re: Expectation

Hi;

In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.
90% of mathematicians do not understand 90% of currently published mathematics.
I am willing to wager that over 75% of the new words that appeared were nothing more than spelling errors that caught on.

## #17 2012-11-05 17:36:56

anonimnystefy
Real Member

Online

### Re: Expectation

No, because I don't know what you are refering to with Tmiss and Thit...

The limit operator is just an excuse for doing something you know you can't.
“It's the subject that nobody knows anything about that we can all talk about!” ― Richard Feynman
“A secret's worth depends on the people from whom it must be kept.” ― Carlos Ruiz Zafón

## #18 2012-11-05 17:48:12

bobbym

Online

### Re: Expectation

Hi;

Not only is it badly labelled but see the two ones? That means two absorbing states, one for HH and one for TT. The chain ends when you get HH but not TT, so there should only be one absorbing state. Also it is too big.

In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.
90% of mathematicians do not understand 90% of currently published mathematics.
I am willing to wager that over 75% of the new words that appeared were nothing more than spelling errors that caught on.

## #19 2012-11-06 00:45:49

anonimnystefy
Real Member

Online

### Re: Expectation

Wouldn't (1/2 , 1/2 ; 0 , 1) be better?

The limit operator is just an excuse for doing something you know you can't.
“It's the subject that nobody knows anything about that we can all talk about!” ― Richard Feynman
“A secret's worth depends on the people from whom it must be kept.” ― Carlos Ruiz Zafón

## #20 2012-11-06 00:53:33

bobbym

Online

### Re: Expectation

Hi;

That is correct! Know how to solve that?

In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.
90% of mathematicians do not understand 90% of currently published mathematics.
I am willing to wager that over 75% of the new words that appeared were nothing more than spelling errors that caught on.

## #21 2012-11-06 01:02:20

anonimnystefy
Real Member

Online

### Re: Expectation

Sum[P^n,n,0,infty] and take the term P[1,1]

The limit operator is just an excuse for doing something you know you can't.
“It's the subject that nobody knows anything about that we can all talk about!” ― Richard Feynman
“A secret's worth depends on the people from whom it must be kept.” ― Carlos Ruiz Zafón

## #22 2012-11-06 01:19:47

bobbym

Online

### Re: Expectation

Hi;

That might be difficult to do. have you tried that?

In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.
90% of mathematicians do not understand 90% of currently published mathematics.
I am willing to wager that over 75% of the new words that appeared were nothing more than spelling errors that caught on.

## #23 2012-11-06 01:32:22

anonimnystefy
Real Member

Online

### Re: Expectation

It is very simple. The general nth power of that matrix is (1/2^n,1-(1/2^n) ; 0,1). It reduces to the sum we already have, so it gives confirmation of that sum.

The limit operator is just an excuse for doing something you know you can't.
“It's the subject that nobody knows anything about that we can all talk about!” ― Richard Feynman
“A secret's worth depends on the people from whom it must be kept.” ― Carlos Ruiz Zafón

## #24 2012-11-06 01:36:08

bobbym

Online

### Re: Expectation

Hi;

The limit of that is

which is not correct.

In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.
90% of mathematicians do not understand 90% of currently published mathematics.
I am willing to wager that over 75% of the new words that appeared were nothing more than spelling errors that caught on.

## #25 2012-11-06 01:42:21

anonimnystefy
Real Member

Online

### Re: Expectation

It is correct. It just says that you are eventually bound to get a tails.

The limit operator is just an excuse for doing something you know you can't.
“It's the subject that nobody knows anything about that we can all talk about!” ― Richard Feynman
“A secret's worth depends on the people from whom it must be kept.” ― Carlos Ruiz Zafón