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## #26 2012-04-14 20:18:15

anonimnystefy
Real Member
From: Harlan's World
Registered: 2011-05-23
Posts: 16,037

### Re: Weighings - A sack of flour

I just wantto know how in the world do you plan on getting 4900 and 5100?

Here lies the reader who will never open this book. He is forever dead.
Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment
The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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## #27 2012-04-14 21:30:42

bob bundy
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Registered: 2010-06-20
Posts: 8,108

### Re: Weighings - A sack of flour

hi Stefy,

Previous post:  Yes, you are of course correct.  It was that word 'easily' that put me off.

So that makes it:

Bob

Children are not defined by school ...........The Fonz
You cannot teach a man anything;  you can only help him find it within himself..........Galileo Galilei

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## #28 2012-04-14 21:31:27

anna_gg
Member
Registered: 2012-01-10
Posts: 232

### Re: Weighings - A sack of flour

bobbym wrote:

Hi anna_gg;

You eliminated all the possible weights that are not multiples of 100. Is that okay?

Yes, because the problem says the grocer only sells in multiples of 100 grams.

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## #29 2012-04-14 21:39:33

bob bundy
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Registered: 2010-06-20
Posts: 8,108

### Re: Weighings - A sack of flour

hi anna_gg

That was quite a problem you set.

As you can see we are still working on it.

I haven't had a chance to revise post 5 yet because Stefy keeps finding new values.

Just going to adjust my previous so it fits the page better.

Bob

Children are not defined by school ...........The Fonz
You cannot teach a man anything;  you can only help him find it within himself..........Galileo Galilei

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## #30 2012-04-14 21:42:59

anna_gg
Member
Registered: 2012-01-10
Posts: 232

### Re: Weighings - A sack of flour

bob bundy wrote:

LATER EDIT:  I am in the process of correcting this 'solution'.  I am optimistic that I'll get there some time (... length of time unspecified ...)

I am assuming the grocer has a limitless supply of weightless bags to put his derived flour weights into.

How about subscripts?

A weight that exists at the start will have zero as its subscript.

A weight derived at 1st weighing will have subscript 1.

I did have some others here, not multiples of 100.  I have now removed these.
I do not think something like 4850 can later generate a multiple of 100 except by restoring the number that made it.
This conjecture needs proving (or a counter example).

I believe this is a complete list of 1st weighings.

These 1st weighing amounts are put into bags and become additional 'weights'.

Now, what can be made at the 2nd weighing?

Theorem: (i) Where different flour bags are used  the subscript total to achieve a new weight must be strictly less than the subscript of the new weight. *

(ii) but if the same bag is used in several stages the subscript total to achieve a new weight need not count this bag repeatedly
to make this total strictly less than the subscript of the new weight. An example of this is shown later in achieving 1400_3 and 1600_3.

This theorem needs to be modified.  My thanks to anonynmstefy for pointing this out.

* so here, 2 > 1 + 0 + 0

Now those 'weights' can also be bagged up to use at the next stage.

3rd weighings

I cannot find a way to do 1400.

But anoninmstefy did:

I think that's it.  If you spot any more, please let me know.

Oh darn it!  I've just noticed that 5000.  That'll be 5000 against 5000.

So the list needs some additions.  ..... Tomorrow perhaps.  No better still, you've seen the method, I'll leave it as an exercise for the reader.

Additionally, for whatever amount, x, that can be measured out, the amount 10000 - x is also available for sale which doubles the list!

List so far:

I'm assuming the probability is easy to get from here.

Bob

Why not also
10000_1
5000_1
100_1
9900_1
200_1
9800_1
4900_1
5100_1
300_1
9700_1
500_1
9500_1

Last edited by anna_gg (2012-04-14 21:59:45)

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## #31 2012-04-14 21:46:26

bob bundy
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Registered: 2010-06-20
Posts: 8,108

### Re: Weighings - A sack of flour

Yes to all under 4000 but not 9500, 9700, 9800, 9900, 10000.  I don't think you can use that flour twice.

4900_1
5100_1

Not both for total flour reasons.  And they would only be worth making if you could use them together and that just makes amounts you have already got.

Bob

ps.  Did you know the list was going to be this long when you posted this?

pps.  Still to find or prove impossible:

and their complements.

Children are not defined by school ...........The Fonz
You cannot teach a man anything;  you can only help him find it within himself..........Galileo Galilei

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## #32 2012-04-14 22:15:30

anna_gg
Member
Registered: 2012-01-10
Posts: 232

### Re: Weighings - A sack of flour

These are "possible" alternative weighings, so why not use them?
To make 9500, for example, you take the total quantity of 10000 (no need to weigh it, as we already know it's 10000) and remove the quantity required to balance the 200 and 300 g weights together; so the remaining is 9500.
Same way with 9700 (we use only the 300g weight), 9800 (only the 200g weight), 9900 (we use both, one in each pan, to weight 100g, so the remaining is 9900).

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## #33 2012-04-14 22:57:04

bob bundy
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Registered: 2010-06-20
Posts: 8,108

### Re: Weighings - A sack of flour

hi anna_gg

Yes got that back in post #5

Additionally, for whatever amount, x, that can be measured out, the amount 10000 - x is also available for sale which doubles the list!

Post #27 gives the best list so far with contributions from several sources.

And post #31 shows those that haven't been found yet.

Bob

Children are not defined by school ...........The Fonz
You cannot teach a man anything;  you can only help him find it within himself..........Galileo Galilei

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## #34 2012-04-15 00:38:26

anonimnystefy
Real Member
From: Harlan's World
Registered: 2011-05-23
Posts: 16,037

### Re: Weighings - A sack of flour

Hi bob

See #20 for 2000 and as for 3600 you can take the first two measurements from #21 which makes 1800g and just double it in the last measurement to get 3600.

Here lies the reader who will never open this book. He is forever dead.
Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment
The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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## #35 2012-04-15 00:40:18

anonimnystefy
Real Member
From: Harlan's World
Registered: 2011-05-23
Posts: 16,037

### Re: Weighings - A sack of flour

And as for the 4900 and 5100 how do you know when you have put the 4900 on one side?

Here lies the reader who will never open this book. He is forever dead.
Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment
The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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## #36 2012-04-15 03:38:10

bob bundy
Administrator
Registered: 2010-06-20
Posts: 8,108

### Re: Weighings - A sack of flour

Same as all of them really.

You just pour a bit and see how the balance moves.

If you have put too much in one pan you move a bit across.

This is a maths puzzle;  not a lesson on running a grocer's shop!

Bob

Children are not defined by school ...........The Fonz
You cannot teach a man anything;  you can only help him find it within himself..........Galileo Galilei

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## #37 2012-04-15 03:50:15

anonimnystefy
Real Member
From: Harlan's World
Registered: 2011-05-23
Posts: 16,037

### Re: Weighings - A sack of flour

Ok,but did you see #34?

Here lies the reader who will never open this book. He is forever dead.
Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment
The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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## #38 2012-04-15 04:27:33

bob bundy
Administrator
Registered: 2010-06-20
Posts: 8,108

### Re: Weighings - A sack of flour

Yes, sorry haven't had time to re-write the list as I've been helping zetafunc.

Suggestion:  Copy my list yourself into a new post, adding your values to it. I am confident you are right!

What?  You want me to play the teacher game and mark all of your work before putting it up on the wall?!

Huh!  not likely, I've retired!

Bob

Children are not defined by school ...........The Fonz
You cannot teach a man anything;  you can only help him find it within himself..........Galileo Galilei

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## #39 2012-04-15 04:58:30

anonimnystefy
Real Member
From: Harlan's World
Registered: 2011-05-23
Posts: 16,037

### Re: Weighings - A sack of flour

I didn't get most of your post ,but it doesn't matter...

Here lies the reader who will never open this book. He is forever dead.
Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment
The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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## #40 2012-04-15 07:15:31

anonimnystefy
Real Member
From: Harlan's World
Registered: 2011-05-23
Posts: 16,037

### Re: Weighings - A sack of flour

Hi bob

I've got an idea for 4700. Stay online while I post it.

Here lies the reader who will never open this book. He is forever dead.
Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment
The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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## #41 2012-04-15 07:26:12

anonimnystefy
Real Member
From: Harlan's World
Registered: 2011-05-23
Posts: 16,037

### Re: Weighings - A sack of flour

Here 600_2,3 means that 600 grams was aquired between 2nd and 3rd measuring.

Last edited by anonimnystefy (2012-04-15 08:10:53)

Here lies the reader who will never open this book. He is forever dead.
Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment
The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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## #42 2012-04-15 08:06:55

bob bundy
Administrator
Registered: 2010-06-20
Posts: 8,108

### Re: Weighings - A sack of flour

Oh that's very clever.  the list of 'not yet done' values is getting smaller and smaller.  I wonder if it will shrink all the way down to the empty set.

I had hoped to pass on the job of up-dating the list but it looks like I'll have to do it ... but later as I'm still catching up on other posts.

Meanwhile, keep looking.  Only a few to go.

Bob

Children are not defined by school ...........The Fonz
You cannot teach a man anything;  you can only help him find it within himself..........Galileo Galilei

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## #43 2012-04-15 08:10:55

bob bundy
Administrator
Registered: 2010-06-20
Posts: 8,108

### Re: Weighings - A sack of flour

I know: I'll just write the list of 'not yet done'.  It'll be easier.

Bob

Children are not defined by school ...........The Fonz
You cannot teach a man anything;  you can only help him find it within himself..........Galileo Galilei

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## #44 2012-04-15 08:15:32

anonimnystefy
Real Member
From: Harlan's World
Registered: 2011-05-23
Posts: 16,037

### Re: Weighings - A sack of flour

4800:

And as we know: 4800=2500+2300.

Here lies the reader who will never open this book. He is forever dead.
Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment
The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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## #45 2012-04-15 08:21:32

bob bundy
Administrator
Registered: 2010-06-20
Posts: 8,108

### Re: Weighings - A sack of flour

Excellent!   I'll just sit here and tell you you are brilliant every few minutes.

Bob

Children are not defined by school ...........The Fonz
You cannot teach a man anything;  you can only help him find it within himself..........Galileo Galilei

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## #46 2012-04-15 08:23:49

anonimnystefy
Real Member
From: Harlan's World
Registered: 2011-05-23
Posts: 16,037

### Re: Weighings - A sack of flour

4600:

Here lies the reader who will never open this book. He is forever dead.
Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment
The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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## #47 2012-04-15 08:27:51

anonimnystefy
Real Member
From: Harlan's World
Registered: 2011-05-23
Posts: 16,037

### Re: Weighings - A sack of flour

4500:

Now we add 2000 and 2500 to get 4500.

Here lies the reader who will never open this book. He is forever dead.
Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment
The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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## #48 2012-04-15 08:31:26

bob bundy
Administrator
Registered: 2010-06-20
Posts: 8,108

### Re: Weighings - A sack of flour

You could do this bit yourself you know!

arhhrr! But then, who is going to tell you how impressive that is!

Bob

Children are not defined by school ...........The Fonz
You cannot teach a man anything;  you can only help him find it within himself..........Galileo Galilei

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## #49 2012-04-15 08:34:11

anonimnystefy
Real Member
From: Harlan's World
Registered: 2011-05-23
Posts: 16,037

### Re: Weighings - A sack of flour

It is not impressive at all. And the list is helping me. The typing of that would create additional struggles because I am on my phone.

Here lies the reader who will never open this book. He is forever dead.
Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment
The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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## #50 2012-04-15 08:38:34

anonimnystefy
Real Member
From: Harlan's World
Registered: 2011-05-23
Posts: 16,037

### Re: Weighings - A sack of flour

4400:

Here lies the reader who will never open this book. He is forever dead.
Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment
The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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