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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 104,217

Hi anonimnystefy;

That is not correct. It is defined for 0.

Sign[0] = 0.

Here is how it is defined in Wikipedia.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.** **A number by itself is useful, but it is far more useful to know how accurate or certain that number is.**

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: Harlan's World
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 16,015

hi bobbym

really.oh well.we can take it one the same interval just excluding the zeors of the functions.so for the last function which has three parts we would look at it just over the R\{-1,1}

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Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

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anonimnystefy wrote:

found it:The function

Hi anonimnystefy;

It's a nice expression!

Here is another expression: y = 0.5 sgn(x) (1 + sgn(abs(x) - 1)).

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: Harlan's World
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 16,015

hi benice

thank you!

now i just need to find the general formula.

Here lies the reader who will never open this book. He is forever dead.

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: Harlan's World
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 16,015

hi benice

thanks for that formula as well.but i wanted the formula which will give the three lines at hights of a,b and c,respectively.

if you find anything let me now.once again,thank you for the formulas.

Here lies the reader who will never open this book. He is forever dead.

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: Harlan's World
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 16,015

hi benice

i think i found one,but i don't know if it works for all heights and distances:

where a,b and c are the heights i mentioned and d and e are the distances of the breakings in the interval or in other words, d and e are the points where the sgn(x) function breaks according to our 'definition'.

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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anonimnystefy wrote:

hi benice

i think i found one,but i don't know if it works for all heights and distances:

where a,b and c are the heights i mentioned and d and e are the distances of the breakings in the interval or in other words, d and e are the points where the sgn(x) function breaks according to our 'definition'.

Assume d < e.

x<d

=> y = 0.5[(a+c) + (b-a)(-1) + (c-b)(-1)] = 0.5[a+c-b+a-c+b] = a

d<x<e

=> y = 0.5[(a+c) + (b-a)(1) + (c-b)(-1)] = 0.5[a+c+b-a-c+b] = b

x>e

=> y = 0.5[(a+c) + (b-a)(1) + (c-b)(1)] = 0.5[a+c+b-a+c-b] = c

*Last edited by benice (2012-02-22 14:09:21)*

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Hi anonimnystefy;

You can use the **sgn** function to generate curves with dashed line:

x = sgn(cos(32t)) cos(t)

y = sgn(sin(32t)) sin(t)

x = sgn(cos(512t)) [cos(t) + sin(2t)]

y = sgn(sin(512t)) [sin(t) - sin(2t)]

x = sgn(cos(nt)) f(t)

y = sgn(sin(nt)) g(t)

*Last edited by benice (2012-02-22 14:35:57)*

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: Harlan's World
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 16,015

hi benice

now those are some nice graphs.thanks for sharing that.

just wondering,you wrote there three formulas,and there are two graphs.which formula is for which graph?

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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**John E. Franklin****Member**- Registered: 2005-08-29
- Posts: 3,588

what is this "sgn" function? Can you provide a definition of it.

**igloo** **myrtilles** **fourmis**

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 104,217

Hi John;

A few examples will do the trick:

sign(0) = 0

sign(+5) = 1

sign(+.3) = 1

sign(-2) = -1

sign(-200.34) = -1

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.** **A number by itself is useful, but it is far more useful to know how accurate or certain that number is.**

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: Harlan's World
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 16,015

hi JEF

it's called the sign function.and as its name says,it gives us the "sign" of the number.for positive numbers it returns 1, for negative -1 and for 0 it returns zero.

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: Harlan's World
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 16,015

Hi benice

I don't know why I didn't notice it.

Are f(t) and g(t) random functions?

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: Harlan's World
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 16,015

Deterministic?

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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**John E. Franklin****Member**- Registered: 2005-08-29
- Posts: 3,588

thanks for the examples (bobby) and definition (anom).

**igloo** **myrtilles** **fourmis**

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: Harlan's World
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 16,015

You're welcome!

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 104,217

Hi John E. Franklin;

Your favorite programming language might have that command built in.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.** **A number by itself is useful, but it is far more useful to know how accurate or certain that number is.**

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: Harlan's World
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 16,015

Hi bobbym

And that is?

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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Hi anonimnystefy;

Here is a more general formula:

f(x) = 0.5 {f1(x) + f3(x) + sgn(x-a)[f2(x) - f1(x)] + sgn(x-b)[f3(x) - f2(x)]}

anonimnystefy wrote:

Deterministic?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deterministic_system

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 104,217

Hi anonimnystefy;

And that is?

Sometimes Sgn, Signum or Sign.

While python and C++ do not, mathematica, maple, delphi, Maxima and VB do.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**

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**afridinazneen****Member**- Registered: 2012-03-20
- Posts: 1

I have gotten some good information here.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 104,217

Hi;

Welcome to the forum!

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**

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