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#1 2005-11-17 11:43:20

Fierypeppergirl
Guest

A math problem for kids.....I don't even get it.

The question:

A round cake, made of two layers of vanilla cake; each layer was 18 inches in diameter and 3.5 inches tall. Between the two layers was a quarter inch of chocolate frosting. And covering the top and side of the cake was 3/8" of buttercream frosting.

If the vanilla cake has 140 calories per cubic inch, and the chocolate frosting has 320 calories per cubic inch, and the buttercream frosting has 470 calories per cubic inch, how many 800-calorie servings are in the cake? Please round down to the nearest serving.

I can't find the answer and therefor I can't explain to my step kids how it's done. I have been out of school to long!!

Help!

#2 2005-11-17 12:50:32

ryos
Member
Registered: 2005-08-04
Posts: 394

Re: A math problem for kids.....I don't even get it.

Assuming that all servings contain an equal measure of all parts, you can average the calories accross the pieces.

Volume of a cylinder: V = πr²H
r = 1/2d = 9 3/8 = 75/8 in.
H = 2(3.5) + 5/8 = 7 5/8 in. = 61/8 in.

Total volume of the cake: π(75/8)²(61/8) = 2105.388631 in³

Volume of chocolate frosting: V = π(9)²(1/4) = 63.61725124 in³

Volume of buttercream frosting: We'll need three cylinders for this one.
V of top = π(9)²(3/8) = 95.42587685 in³
V of sides = [ π(75/8)²(61/8) ] - [π(9)²(61/8) ] = 165.0624687 in³
total V of b. frosting: 260.4883456 in³

Volume of cake portion = 2[ π(9)²(3.5) ] = 1781.283035 in³

Calories from cake: 1781.283035 * 140 = 249379.6248 cal
Calories from chocolate frosting: 63.61725124 * 320 = 20357.5204 cal
Calories from buttercream: 260.4883456 * 470 = 122429.5224
Total calories in cake: 392166.6676 cal

Number of 800-calorie servings = 392166.6676/800 = 490, with a little less than a fourth left over.

All that talk of cake is making me hungry...


El que pega primero pega dos veces.

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#3 2005-11-17 16:51:51

MathsIsFun
Administrator
Registered: 2005-01-21
Posts: 7,529

Re: A math problem for kids.....I don't even get it.

I think you could occupy a whole lesson with that one.

And they better serve cake afterwards.


"The physicists defer only to mathematicians, and the mathematicians defer only to God ..."  - Leon M. Lederman

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