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#1 2005-11-11 05:58:10

pman
Member
Registered: 2005-11-03
Posts: 10

logarithms...

hi!
please, i need help with:

1) lg(1-x)+lg(1+x)=lg0.75
2) 2 lgx=lg2 +lg18
3) 2 lgx - lg4 = lg(3x + 16)
4) log6 2 +log6 3

thanx for the help

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#2 2005-11-11 07:05:32

mathsyperson
Moderator
Registered: 2005-06-22
Posts: 4,900

Re: logarithms...

1) lg a + lg b lg ab, so lg (1-x) + lg(1+x) = lg (1-x)(1+x) = lg (1 - x²).
lg 1 - x² = lg 0.75
1 - x² = 0.75
x² = 0.25
x = √0.25 = 0.5

2) a lg b lg b^a, so 2 lg x = lg x²
lg x² = lg 2 + lg 18 = lg 36
x⊃ 2 = 36
x = 6

3) lg a - lg b lg (a/b), so 2 lg x - lg 4 = lg (x²/4)
lg (x²/4) = lg (3x + 16)
x²/4 = 3x + 16
x² - 12x - 64 = 0
(x+4)(x-16) = 0
x = 16, because you can't have negative logarithms.

4) log6 2 + log6 3 = log6 6 = 1, because 6^1 = 6


Why did the vector cross the road?
It wanted to be normal.

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#3 2005-11-11 09:21:22

pman
Member
Registered: 2005-11-03
Posts: 10

Re: logarithms...

thanx alot, but in my book it says 3)=16 and 4)=1
any ideas, and also i forogot to mention that log6 2 means the base is 6..
thx!

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#4 2005-11-11 09:33:34

mathsyperson
Moderator
Registered: 2005-06-22
Posts: 4,900

Re: logarithms...

For 3, I worked it out to be 16 but typed 12 by mistake. I've edited it, so it's right now.
For 4, I said it was 1.


Why did the vector cross the road?
It wanted to be normal.

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#5 2005-11-11 09:44:08

pman
Member
Registered: 2005-11-03
Posts: 10

Re: logarithms...

ahh sry my fault but how? can you explain it pls

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#6 2005-11-11 11:33:47

mathsyperson
Moderator
Registered: 2005-06-22
Posts: 4,900

Re: logarithms...

Using log a + log b = log ab, log6 2 + log6 3 = log6 6.

loga b is defined as the number that a needs to be taken to the power of to make b.
6 needs to be taken to the power of 1 to make 6, so log6 6 = 1.


Why did the vector cross the road?
It wanted to be normal.

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