1) A number times two, added twelve and then the result divided by two equals fifteen. What's the number?
2) Find two positive consecutive integers whose squares' sum equals 481.
3) A student gets 5 points for every exercise he gets right, and looses 3 points for each he gets wrong. After doing 50 exercises he had 130 points. How many did he got right?
4) The sum of two brothers ages equals 30 years now. 8 years ago, the product of the ages was 48. What's the older brother's nowadays age?
"Mathematics may be defined as the subject in which we never know what we are talking about, nor whether what we are saying is true."
Last edited by bobbym (2009-07-27 07:27:08)
In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.
If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.
A number by itself is useful, but it is far more useful to know how accurate or certain that number is.
for no. 3:
Assume that the no. of right exercises = x and no. of wrong exercises = y
x+y=50 ⇒ y=50-x
5x-3y=130 ......(1) substitute y=50-x in (1) you get 5x-3(50-x)=130
8x=280 x= 35 , y= 15
so the no. of right exercises = 35
the no. of wrong exercises = 15
For no. (4)
Assume that the age of the first = x now
the age of the second= y now
therefore x+y=30 y=30 - x
before 8 years (x-8)(y-8)=48..........(1) but y=30 - x
(x-8)(30-x-8)=48 so (x-8)(22-x)=48
22x-x^2-176+8x=48 ⇒ x^2-30x+224=0 ⇒ (x-16)(x-14)=0
x=16 and y=14 or
x=14 and y=16
So the older brother's nowadays age = 16