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**mittalanirudh.17****Member**- Registered: 2014-05-15
- Posts: 4

Can anyone explain me how to solve the following problem

Factorise - x^12 - y^12

Would be really obliged

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 104,734

Hi;

Is that a minus in front of the x^12?

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.** **A number by itself is useful, but it is far more useful to know how accurate or certain that number is.**

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**ShivamS****Member**- Registered: 2011-02-07
- Posts: 3,648

If you mean to factor -x^12-y^12 , it is

If you mean to factor x^12-y^12, it is

*Last edited by ShivamS (2014-05-15 01:35:22)*

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 104,734

That is what I mean. The first one maybe can be done by pen and paper but the second one needs a CAS.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.** **A number by itself is useful, but it is far more useful to know how accurate or certain that number is.**

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**ShivamS****Member**- Registered: 2011-02-07
- Posts: 3,648

I don't want to do even the first one without a CAS.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 104,734

I agree. That is no picnic.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.** **A number by itself is useful, but it is far more useful to know how accurate or certain that number is.**

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Here is how:

x^12 - y^12

= (x^6)^2 - (y^6)^2

= (x^6 + y^6)(x^6 - y^6)

= ((x^2)^3 + (y^2)^3)((x^3)^2 - (y^3)^2)

= ((x^2)^3 + (y^2)^3)(x^3 + y^3) (x^3 - y^3)

= (x^2 + y^2) (x^4 - x^2 y^2 + y^4)(x + y) (x^2 - x y + y^2)(x - y) (x^2 + x y + y^2)

We are using a few identities here:

*Last edited by Agnishom (2014-05-15 01:56:50)*

'And fun? If maths is fun, then getting a tooth extraction is fun. A viral infection is fun. Rabies shots are fun.'

'God exists because Mathematics is consistent, and the devil exists because we cannot prove it'

I'm not crazy, my mother had me tested.

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**ShivamS****Member**- Registered: 2011-02-07
- Posts: 3,648

You can use sum of cubes formula for the first one.

Agnishom wrote:

@bobbym, it is not.

Here is how:

x^12 - y^12 = (x^6)^2 - (y^6)^2 = (x^6 + y^6)(x^6 - y^6) = ((x^2)^3 + (y^2)^3)((x^3)^2 - (y^3)^2) = ((x^2)^3 + (y^2)^3)(x^3 + y^3) (x^3 - y^3) = (x^2 + y^2) (x^4 - x^2 y^2 + y^4)(x + y) (x^2 - x y + y^2)(x - y) (x^2 + x y + y^2)

But a CAS did that for you. Of course it is possible to do by hand but will take a long time.

*Last edited by ShivamS (2014-05-15 01:45:03)*

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 104,734

That is algebraically correct!

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**

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Please do not confuse the newbie. I agree that it is tedious but this kind of questions are asked in Middle School and you are considered a dummy if you do not answer them.

'And fun? If maths is fun, then getting a tooth extraction is fun. A viral infection is fun. Rabies shots are fun.'

'God exists because Mathematics is consistent, and the devil exists because we cannot prove it'

I'm not crazy, my mother had me tested.

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**ShivamS****Member**- Registered: 2011-02-07
- Posts: 3,648

Agnishom wrote:

Please do not confuse the newbie. I agree that it is tedious but this kind of questions are asked in Middle School and you are considered a dummy if you do not answer them.

Please tell me which Middle School.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 104,734

in Middle School and you are considered a dummy if you do not answer them

Are you sure about that?

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**

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In the seventh and eighth grade, they can ask you to do this by hand.

But a CAS did that for you. Of course it is possible to do by hand but will take a long time.

I really did it by hand so that the OP gets how to do it.

'And fun? If maths is fun, then getting a tooth extraction is fun. A viral infection is fun. Rabies shots are fun.'

'God exists because Mathematics is consistent, and the devil exists because we cannot prove it'

I'm not crazy, my mother had me tested.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 104,734

Okay, that is a very nice solution then. I did not see that.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**

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**ShivamS****Member**- Registered: 2011-02-07
- Posts: 3,648

Well, not here in the US or Canada.

But even in India, there is little thinking involved in doing this question by hand. It is just a rote computation problem, which is a waste of one's time.

I don't know how you did it in one minute

*Last edited by ShivamS (2014-05-15 01:55:51)*

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Thank you, bobbym.

Well, in the begining, in order to see if you can actually recognise those patterns or not, these problems are given to you.

'God exists because Mathematics is consistent, and the devil exists because we cannot prove it'

I'm not crazy, my mother had me tested.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 104,734

Interesting to see what different places put emphasis on.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**

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But being able to recognise where a^3 - b^3 and a^2 - b^2 occurs is important.

'God exists because Mathematics is consistent, and the devil exists because we cannot prove it'

I'm not crazy, my mother had me tested.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 104,734

It gets used in problems.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**

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That is why it is important. Is it not?

'God exists because Mathematics is consistent, and the devil exists because we cannot prove it'

I'm not crazy, my mother had me tested.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 104,734

It is good that you are so proficient with this type of problem. But as you know I would have turned to the heavy machinery after about a minute...

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**

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**mittalanirudh.17****Member**- Registered: 2014-05-15
- Posts: 4

Thank you very much, btw all of you are Indians

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 104,734

2 out of 3 ain't bad.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**

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I think 3 out of 4

'God exists because Mathematics is consistent, and the devil exists because we cannot prove it'

I'm not crazy, my mother had me tested.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 104,734

Counting him, yes.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**

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