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#1 2014-01-13 16:41:44

thedarktiger
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pentagon problem

In pentagon ABCDE, BC=CD=DE=2 units,  <E is a right angle and m<B = m<C = m<D = 135 degrees.  The length of segment AE can be expressed in simplest radical form as a+2sqrt(b) units.  What is the value of a+b?

This is actually a lot of 45 45 90 triangles!
               
                   a+2*sqrt(b)
     A xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx E
          x                                 x
            x                               x  2
              x                             x D
           n    x                2    x   x
                  x              x         x sqrt(2)   
                 B xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx         
                               C     sqrt(2)
                         2     

Then I drew BE and got that BE = sqrt(2(2+sqrt(2))^2)=sqrt(2)*(2+sqrt(2))
Then <ABE is 45 so ABE is 45 45 90 so AB = BE so AE = sqrt(2*(sqrt(2)*(2+sqrt(2)))^2) = 4*(2+sqrt(2)) = 8 + 4*sqrt(2) = 8 + 2*sqrt(8)
so the answers 8+8=16
whats wrong I got it wrongdown:(big_smile


Batman shows Superman his new phone. Batman-"Alfred, whats the temperature in London?"
Alfred-"Just a second, sir." Alfred turns on his iPhone."Siri, whats the temperature in London?"
Siri - "Six centigrade." Alfred-"Six centigrade sir." Batman-"See?"

#2 2014-01-13 18:58:12

bob bundy
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Re: pentagon problem

hi thedarktiger

Hopefully the right diagram below.

I agree with everything up to the last calculation but simplify BE









Bob


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#3 2014-01-13 19:09:18

thedarktiger
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Re: pentagon problem

nice! thats correct! I wish the thing I'm doing had solutions big_smile


Batman shows Superman his new phone. Batman-"Alfred, whats the temperature in London?"
Alfred-"Just a second, sir." Alfred turns on his iPhone."Siri, whats the temperature in London?"
Siri - "Six centigrade." Alfred-"Six centigrade sir." Batman-"See?"

#4 2014-01-13 19:13:06

bob bundy
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Re: pentagon problem

hi

Is this from "Compuhigh" ?

Bob


You cannot teach a man anything;  you can only help him find it within himself..........Galileo Galilei

#5 2014-01-14 16:25:46

phrontister
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Re: pentagon problem

Hi,

This is what I did:

Triangles ABG and EBG are congruent, from which...
AE = 2GE = 2BF = 2(2+√2) = 4+2√2.

The length of segment AE can be expressed in simplest radical form as a+2√b units.

a = 2BC = 2x2 = 4, and b = CD = 2......from which CF = √2 (Pythagoras) and hence CF also = √b.

∴ a+b = 4+2 = 6

Proof:
AE = a+2√b = 4+2√2.

The first image is with Geogebra and the second is with Word. I was just fiddling around, comparing ease of use, speed, accuracy, presentation etc. Because I use Word a fair bit it didn't take all that long there, but with Geogebra it took about 1/2 Word's time...once I'd worked out some moves.


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Last edited by phrontister (2014-01-15 18:28:50)


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