Discussion about math, puzzles, games and fun. Useful symbols: ÷ × ½ √ ∞ ≠ ≤ ≥ ≈ ⇒ ± ∈ Δ θ ∴ ∑ ∫ π -¹ ² ³ °

You are not logged in.

- Topics: Active | Unanswered

- Index
- » Help Me !
- »
**Proof Help**

Pages: **1**

**Andybbbb****Guest**

Q- Prove that when three consecutive even numbers are squared and the results are added, that the sum always has at least 3 divisors.

Thank you for your help.

**kylekatarn****Member**- Registered: 2005-07-24
- Posts: 445

Ok. Let's start.

We want to proof that: The sum of the squares of 3 consecutive even numbers always has 3 divisors.

Lemma 1:

Every even number **p** can be written in the form p = 2k, with k∈ℕ.

Proof:

0 is even : 0 = 2k ; k=0

2 is even : 2 = 2k ; k=1

.

.

p is even : p = 2k ; k=p/2

Since p is even, p is a multiple of 2. Therefore p=2k', k'∈ℕ ⇒ k∈ℕ

Theorem:

If p is an even number, then p²+(p+2)²+(p+4)² has 3 divisors.

*p, p+2,p+4 are the 3 consecutive even numbers starting with p*

Proof:

Let z = p²+(p+2)²+(p+4)²

I will write **z|k** if **k** is a divisor of **z**

We want to find {k1, k2, k3}∈ℕ³ so that:

z|k1, z|k2 and z|k3

It is known from number theory that every integer λ has always 2 trivial divisors: 1 and λ itself.

So z|1 and z|z. Therefore k1=1 and k2=z. We have found 2 divisors. We only need to find one more.

Let's get back to the expression.

z = p²+(p+2)²+(p+4)²

Since p is even, by our lemma 1 we can write p =2k, k∈ℕ

z = (2k)²+(2k+2)²+(2k+4)²

z = (2k)²+(2(k+1))²+(2(k+2))²

z = 2².k²+2².(k+1)²+2².(k+2)²

z = 2².(k²+(k+1)²+(k+2)²)

We can see that 2² is a factor of z. And since (k²+(k+1)²+(k+2)²) is an integer:

z divides 2², or z|2² = K3, the final divisor we needed.

So D|(z)={1, z, 4} are the trivial divisors of z. #D|(z) = 3. So z always has (at least) 3 divisors.

///c.q.d.

*Last edited by kylekatarn (2005-11-20 12:47:04)*

Offline

**MathsIsFun****Administrator**- Registered: 2005-01-21
- Posts: 7,647

We are not worthy ... we are not worthy ... (assembled masses bowing down)

But it seems like cheating to include 1 and z

"The physicists defer only to mathematicians, and the mathematicians defer only to God ..." - Leon M. Lederman

Offline

**mathsyperson****Moderator**- Registered: 2005-06-22
- Posts: 4,900

I did all that, but with p-2, p and p+2 for better cancellation.

I got it to 4(3p²+2) and then gave up because I forgot about the 1 and z bit, so I didn't post it.

Why did the vector cross the road?

It wanted to be normal.

Offline

**kylekatarn****Member**- Registered: 2005-07-24
- Posts: 445

never give up : )

Offline

Pages: **1**

- Index
- » Help Me !
- »
**Proof Help**