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**dude****Member**- Registered: 2010-09-11
- Posts: 7

I also want to know how to work this problem.

I have a vertical right cylinder that has an inner diameter of 48" and an out diameter of 58" inches. I am going to cut a hole, 24" in diameter through a place in the wall. I need to know how to solve for the removed volume exactly. I am sure after many hours of trying to break this down by geometric shape after shape that integrating may be my only hope. I am not very strong in that area since I am 13 years removed from Cal 1-3 and D.E.

Any help is greatly appreciated.

I have attached a photo to help illustrate my problem. This is just a photo I found while searching for a quest to answer my problem.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 102,908

Hi dude;

Welcome to the forum! I don't have anything more than a hunch based on some crude drawings. But let me the first to conjecture that the removed volume is:

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.** **A number by itself is useful, but it is far more useful to know how accurate or certain that number is.**

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**dude****Member**- Registered: 2010-09-11
- Posts: 7

Hey BobbyM. Thanks for replying. That answer is incorrect. You used PI * r^2 * h => PI * 144 * 5 => 720 PI

That does not account for the curved surfaces which makes this problem a real pain in the butt.

I have tried breaking it down, via top view, into geometric shapes and no luck.

The problem is that although it looks like two domes are included in the attached photo, they are not domes.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 102,908

Hi dude;

Yes, my 5 is incorrect. I also assumed the two curved areas were equal.

Okay, I have that too. I can compute the area's in your 2D drawing ( the curved parts ) drawing easy enough.

There are formulas to compute the volumes of those caps as they are called. Check this out:

http://mathworld.wolfram.com/SphericalSegment.html

I do not think you will require integration.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.** **A number by itself is useful, but it is far more useful to know how accurate or certain that number is.**

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**dude****Member**- Registered: 2010-09-11
- Posts: 7

bobbym wrote:

Hi dude;

Yes, my 5 is incorrect. I also assumed the two curved areas were equal.

Okay, I have that too. I can compute the area's in your 2D drawing ( the curved parts ) drawing easy enough.

There are formulas to compute the volumes of those caps as they are called. Check this out:

http://mathworld.wolfram.com/SphericalSegment.html

I do not think you will require integration.

I call them domes but they are not. Notice I have a cylinder and those equations are fora sphere. No problem to calculate volume for domes cut from a sphere. Much different on a cylinder wall because the top view cross section is a bit misleading. Remember, I am cutting a circular hole through the cylinder wall.

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**dude****Member**- Registered: 2010-09-11
- Posts: 7

I will be posting the answer to this very soon. It's a heck of a mess. Get your hp48gx ready.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 102,908

Hi dude;

Let's see it. Who cares about the mess.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.** **A number by itself is useful, but it is far more useful to know how accurate or certain that number is.**

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**dude****Member**- Registered: 2010-09-11
- Posts: 7

Letbme get the triple integral worked outvso I can post an exact method.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 102,908

Hi dude;

Okay. That's fine. I'll wait.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**

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**Fruityloop****Member**- Registered: 2009-05-18
- Posts: 132

This is a difficult problem, but I think I have come up with the answer (hopefully).

You have a smaller cylinder intersecting a larger cylinder from the side.

Imagine that you have a 48" diameter cylinder and also a 58" diameter cylinder.

Imagine that you have a 24" diameter cylinder intersecting both.

Now, in order to find the volume of removed material all you have to do

is subtract the volume of intersection with the 48" cylinder from the

volume of intersection with the 58" cylinder. This all seems simple and

clear enough but how does one go about finding this?

Well, if you imagine the 24" cylinder intersecting the 58" cylinder you can

imagine that there will be a normal cylinder with a 'cap' on top.

The difficulty lies in finding the volume of this 'cap'.

The volume can be imagined as a rectangle moving through the 'cap'.

It's a bit hard to visualize but we need both the width and height

of the rectangle.

For the 24" cylinder looking down from above we have the relation

In this case, the x will serve as one of the sides of the rectangle.

For the 58" cylinder we have the relation

The height of the rectangle will be the part of h which is part of the

'cap' above the cylinder which is above 26.40075756.

We need the formula for the rectangle in terms of y since we will

be integrating with respect to y, so we end up with

for the area of the rectangle.

The integral will be from 0 to 12 and will be only 1/4 of the volume.

So the volume is equal to

Can anybody here integrate this?

I don't know how to integrate this so I cheated and used a computer program.

Now this is only the 'cap' so we need to add this to the cylinder

which is

So the total volume is

Now we do the same thing with the smaller cylinder

Total volume is

So the volume of removed material is

This is close to Bobbym's estimate of

*Last edited by Fruityloop (2010-11-13 17:16:43)*

**The eclipses from Algol come further apart in time when the Earth is moving away from Algol and closer together in time when the Earth is moving towards Algol, thereby proving that the speed of light is variable and that Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity is wrong.**

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 102,908

Hi Fruityloop;

This is close to Bobbym's estimate of 2261.946711

bobbym's estimates are doodly doo! Hope that was not too strong a wording. All that numerical analysis has rotted his brain, yesterday I caught him bounding 7 * 13. He said it was greater than 90 but less than 100.

I do not think we will have much luck with an analytical answer for that integral. You were right to use a program on it. Nice work with the volume problem above!

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**

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**dude****Member**- Registered: 2010-09-11
- Posts: 7

Fruityloop got it! That's the answer. Now workmit if your hole (24") was tapered say 1" inward all around.

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**dude****Member**- Registered: 2010-09-11
- Posts: 7

PS I had to use my Hp48GX to integrate because they were tough. I'll finish the writeup soon and post a link. I have a hand sketch to accompany.

Thatsva tough one for sure.

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