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Given the equation of two lines in 3-space, how do I know they are perpendicular?

'And fun? If maths is fun, then getting a tooth extraction is fun. A viral infection is fun. Rabies shots are fun.'

'God exists because Mathematics is consistent, and the devil exists because we cannot prove it'

I'm not crazy, my mother had me tested.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 104,174

Determine if they intersect and if the dot product of the directional vectors are 0.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.** **A number by itself is useful, but it is far more useful to know how accurate or certain that number is.**

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How do I do this?

'And fun? If maths is fun, then getting a tooth extraction is fun. A viral infection is fun. Rabies shots are fun.'

'God exists because Mathematics is consistent, and the devil exists because we cannot prove it'

I'm not crazy, my mother had me tested.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 104,174

Which part?

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.** **A number by itself is useful, but it is far more useful to know how accurate or certain that number is.**

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the second part.

'And fun? If maths is fun, then getting a tooth extraction is fun. A viral infection is fun. Rabies shots are fun.'

'God exists because Mathematics is consistent, and the devil exists because we cannot prove it'

I'm not crazy, my mother had me tested.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 104,174

The dot product of two vectors?

`{3, 4, 5}.{a, b, c}`

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.** **A number by itself is useful, but it is far more useful to know how accurate or certain that number is.**

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I think I will be given the two lines in the form of two equations

'God exists because Mathematics is consistent, and the devil exists because we cannot prove it'

I'm not crazy, my mother had me tested.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 104,174

Yes, but you asked for how to do the dot product.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**

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How do i do the dot product when the equations of lines are given?

'God exists because Mathematics is consistent, and the devil exists because we cannot prove it'

I'm not crazy, my mother had me tested.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 104,174

Is it already in parametric form or cartesian?

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**

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it is like x+y=0 and x+z=0

'God exists because Mathematics is consistent, and the devil exists because we cannot prove it'

I'm not crazy, my mother had me tested.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 104,174

Okay that is Cartesian. Do you know how to put it into parametric form?

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**

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Depends on what you mean by parametric

'God exists because Mathematics is consistent, and the devil exists because we cannot prove it'

I'm not crazy, my mother had me tested.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 104,174

All in terms of the parameter t.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**

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The first is z=t

'God exists because Mathematics is consistent, and the devil exists because we cannot prove it'

I'm not crazy, my mother had me tested.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 104,174

Simple example:

y = 1 - x , put into parametric form.

Say x = t now y = 1 - t

Do you see an advantage of this?

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**

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I do not.

'God exists because Mathematics is consistent, and the devil exists because we cannot prove it'

I'm not crazy, my mother had me tested.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 104,174

Good, you are well on your way to seeing how ridiculous the whole vector idea is.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**

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**ShivamS****Member**- Registered: 2011-02-07
- Posts: 3,648

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It is not.

How do I show that xy+x+y=0 and xz+x+z=0 are perpendicular?

*Last edited by Agnishom (2014-07-16 01:01:50)*

'God exists because Mathematics is consistent, and the devil exists because we cannot prove it'

I'm not crazy, my mother had me tested.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 104,174

That is not a beginning problem. I do not know how to find the directional derivative of that. or if you should.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**

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Ok, here is the problem.

show that all the angles of the internal vertices of at least one of the spherical triangles formed by the intersection of x^2+y^2=r^2 and x^2+z^2=r^2 and y^2+z^2=r^2 on x^2+y^2+z^2=r^2 is pi/2

'God exists because Mathematics is consistent, and the devil exists because we cannot prove it'

I'm not crazy, my mother had me tested.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 104,174

When it comes to vector calculus I am considered to be the idiot of the family. I have no idea how to solve that. If you can not do basics why are you looking at a brilliant problem?

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**

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I did not borrow this problem from Brilliant.

'God exists because Mathematics is consistent, and the devil exists because we cannot prove it'

I'm not crazy, my mother had me tested.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 104,174

Where does it come from?

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.****If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.**

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