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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 81,601

Sometimes you might call t =0 today for instance. You could run the equation back to t=-3. That would be 3 days ago. The variable can take negative values.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.I have the result, but I do not yet know how to get it.All physicists, and a good many quite respectable mathematicians are contemptuous about proof.**

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**EbenezerSon****Member**- Registered: 2013-07-04
- Posts: 230

Is a member trying to indicate that a number in a principal square root must have only one answer?

For instance, if 9 is in a principal square root, must it have only one answer 3?

If I am getting him wrong please correct.

Thanks.

How do you do Bobbym?

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**EbenezerSon****Member**- Registered: 2013-07-04
- Posts: 230

The fellow's post is at #38.

What is the subtle difference between, a square root and a principal square root?

Thanks.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 81,601

Hi;

The unique nonnegative square root of a nonnegative real number. For example, the principal square root of 9 is 3, although both -3 and 3 are square roots of 9.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.I have the result, but I do not yet know how to get it.All physicists, and a good many quite respectable mathematicians are contemptuous about proof.**

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**EbenezerSon****Member**- Registered: 2013-07-04
- Posts: 230

So if I am grasping it now, the principal square of a number produces only positive number.

Therefore, the principal square root always infers a positive number.

Am I right?

Please confirm.

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**EbenezerSon****Member**- Registered: 2013-07-04
- Posts: 230

Hi,

Please produce both the principal and the square root signs. So I will know thew properly

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 81,601

Therefore, the principal square root always infers a positive number.

I would say yes.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.I have the result, but I do not yet know how to get it.All physicists, and a good many quite respectable mathematicians are contemptuous about proof.**

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**EbenezerSon****Member**- Registered: 2013-07-04
- Posts: 230

Hi,

I have browsed the link you provided, but couldn't distinguish the principal square root sign from the square root sign.

Some help.

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: The Foundation
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 14,836

The square root sign

is usually used to indicate the principle square root of a number.Here lies the reader who will never open this book. He is forever dead.

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 81,601

Hi;

Yep, that means positive root only.

I have the result, but I do not yet know how to get it.

All physicists, and a good many quite respectable mathematicians are contemptuous about proof.

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**EbenezerSon****Member**- Registered: 2013-07-04
- Posts: 230

Okay, what name do we give to a negative square root of a number? Since the positive root number has a name.

Thanks in advance.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 81,601

They are called complex or imaginary numbers.

I have the result, but I do not yet know how to get it.

All physicists, and a good many quite respectable mathematicians are contemptuous about proof.

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**EbenezerSon****Member**- Registered: 2013-07-04
- Posts: 230

Okay, finally finally.

If I am getting

the whole thing, The square root of 9 is 3 and -3.

the 3 is the prıncipal square root whereas the negative square root -3 is complex or imaginary square root, am I correct?

Please confirm.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 81,601

Both 3 and -3 when squared are 9. But only 3 is the principal square root.

√(-3) is complex or imaginary.

I have the result, but I do not yet know how to get it.

All physicists, and a good many quite respectable mathematicians are contemptuous about proof.

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**EbenezerSon****Member**- Registered: 2013-07-04
- Posts: 230

Please do you have an idea as to why it is called complex or imaginary?

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 81,601

It was called imaginary because in the beginning when the concept of the root of a negative number was proposed most mathematicians did not like it. They called them imaginary numbers to sort of poke fun at the whole idea. Later, as it caught on, complex numbers was name given for them.

I have the result, but I do not yet know how to get it.

All physicists, and a good many quite respectable mathematicians are contemptuous about proof.

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**EbenezerSon****Member**- Registered: 2013-07-04
- Posts: 230

Thanks for that!

But when 9 is in a square root sign it gives two answers i.e -3 and 3.

if the positive number is the principal square root what name is also given to the -3?

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 81,601

When 9 is in the square root sign that means principal square root, just the 3.

I have the result, but I do not yet know how to get it.

All physicists, and a good many quite respectable mathematicians are contemptuous about proof.

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: The Foundation
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 14,836

He is asking this:"If we call 3 the principal square root of 9, then what kind of square root of 9 is -3?". The answer is that there is no name given to it.

Here lies the reader who will never open this book. He is forever dead.

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 81,601

We could say it is the root of the equation x^2 - 9 = 0.

I have the result, but I do not yet know how to get it.

All physicists, and a good many quite respectable mathematicians are contemptuous about proof.

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: The Foundation
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 14,836

We could, but, there is still no special name for non-principal roots.

Here lies the reader who will never open this book. He is forever dead.

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 81,601

Everything you are saying is true but you are missing the point of my post #93 which essentially makes your post #94 non - essential.

I have the result, but I do not yet know how to get it.

All physicists, and a good many quite respectable mathematicians are contemptuous about proof.

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: The Foundation
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 14,836

Actually, #94 is me feeling you have not understood the question.

Here lies the reader who will never open this book. He is forever dead.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 81,601

Nope, I was dealing with a far more important concept and did not answer that question. Do you see it now?

I have the result, but I do not yet know how to get it.

All physicists, and a good many quite respectable mathematicians are contemptuous about proof.

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: The Foundation
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 14,836

But, what you said in #93 was already told and did not need repeating.

Here lies the reader who will never open this book. He is forever dead.

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