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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 92,892

Nope, that is how he solved them in the book. Do you think I invented this? Also, I check the correct answer and correct choice of poles by trying the others in combination. They do not work.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.**

**I agree with you regarding the satisfaction and importance of actually computing some numbers. I can't tell you how often I see time and money wasted because someone didn't bother to run the numbers.**

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: The Foundation
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 15,889

Can you post how he exactly solved it?

Here lies the reader who will never open this book. He is forever dead.

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 92,892

I have! The only thing I am lacking is a coherent idea on which poles to take. That I did not write down because at the time I understood it better and it was self evident to me.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.**

**I agree with you regarding the satisfaction and importance of actually computing some numbers. I can't tell you how often I see time and money wasted because someone didn't bother to run the numbers.**

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: The Foundation
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 15,889

Word to word?

Here lies the reader who will never open this book. He is forever dead.

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 92,892

Yes, as I have written them down. Me and zetafunc did a few also. He came up with essentially the same method. The only problem is the ambiguity in explaining the choice of pole. For the contour I believe they always use the unit circle in these examples.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.**

**I agree with you regarding the satisfaction and importance of actually computing some numbers. I can't tell you how often I see time and money wasted because someone didn't bother to run the numbers.**

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: The Foundation
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 15,889

No, actually, the contour is chosen and the poles inside the contour are the ones you calculate the residue of.

Here lies the reader who will never open this book. He is forever dead.

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 92,892

Okay, choose some arbitrary contour and try to get the answer. This method gets the answer to every one of these problems.

For the pole I choose the red point. Answer will be π / 3.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.**

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: The Foundation
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 15,889

I did not say that the choice of contour is arbitrary. I said that the contours are chosen, not residues. In fact, sometimes, you may need to calculate the residue of more than one pole.

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 92,892

Yes, we just did a problem where 2 poles were inside the unit circle. Sometimes you do all the poles. But as you can see from the drawing a circle is the simplest shape to go through the 3 points. It happens to be a unit circle.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.**

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: The Foundation
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 15,889

You seem to be arbitrarily choosing which poles you are taking and which not.

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 92,892

Nope, I have a rule. I just do not have any solid justification for it.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.**

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: The Foundation
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 15,889

What rule is that?

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 92,892

Because we have intervals of 0 to infinity the bottom pole is out. Then I take the poles that have a positive imaginary part. That leaves the one pole I chose.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.**

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: The Foundation
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 15,889

Hm, okay. Then, how would you integrate log(x)/((1+x^2)^2) from 0 to infinity?

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 92,892

We have not finished the other one. If we jump around we will get confused. We should calculate the residues for the other problem before moving on to the next one.

But you have not been listening to me, as far as I know this method only works on rational functions. At least that is what some site I was looking at said. He defines a rational function as p(x) / q(x) where both p(x) and q(x) are polynomials and of course q(x) ≠ 0.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.**

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: The Foundation
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 15,889

That site is not correct. All sources I have found have it working on other types if functions as well.

Now, please do the integral I am asking you.

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 92,892

I was going to say that but zetafunc shows a rather simple one where this method falls flat on its face. There must be some conditions when can use it and when you can not.

I will look at the integral.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.**

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: The Foundation
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 15,889

bobbym wrote:

I was going to say that but zetafunc shows a rather simple one where this method falls flat on its face. There must be some conditions when can use it and when you can not.

I will look at the integral.

Actually, that was the point of the integral I gave you. As you will see, the method you will try on it will probably fail, but the Wiki article has no problem doing it.

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 92,892

The residue method does not work on all cases. There are conditions.

The method I am using there will not work but what method works all the time.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.**

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: The Foundation
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 15,889

Yes, but the contour integration methid works on that one.

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 92,892

It will fail on others. Either because of violations or impossibility to do.

This method is a not a general method for all integrals.It works on the examples provided.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.**

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: The Foundation
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 15,889

This was just to show that the method you have is not contour integration. But I do not know if it works.

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 92,892

Why do you think it is not contour integration?

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.**

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**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: The Foundation
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 15,889

Because I did understand some parts of what I redlad earlier, and some of those parts were not included in your method.

By the way, now when I look at this stuff again, I think only the residue part confused me, so I do thank you for making that part clearer. It seems to be a common ground between your method and the contour integration method. I will have to read about it once more to make sure I understand it.

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 92,892

Hi;

If you look here you will see the formula I am using or misusing and even that the contour is circular and encloses the poles.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.**

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