Math Is Fun Forum
  Discussion about math, puzzles, games and fun.   Useful symbols: √ ∞ ≠ ≤ ≥ ≈ ⇒ ∈ Δ θ ∴ ∑ ∫ π -




Not registered yet?

Post a reply

Go back

Write your message and submit
:) :| :( :D :o ;) :/ :P :lol: :mad: :rolleyes: :cool: | :dizzy :eek :kiss :roflol :rolleyes :shame :down :up :touched :sleep :wave :swear :tongue :what :faint :dunno

Go back

Topic review (newest first)

2013-01-02 07:09:54


2013-01-02 06:17:24

Another way:

Write the sum on the left as:

We can notice that the number on the RHS is the number of ways to choose r+1 numbers out of the set

The sum on the LHS can be interpreted like this:

If we know that the greatest number we will choose is r+k (for
), then we can choose the rest of the numbers in
ways. If we sum all those values for all different values of k between 1 and n-r+1, we will get the total number of ways to choose r+1 numbers from the set mentioned before.

But, we also know that that will be the sum on the RHS, so the RHS and the LHS must be equal!

2013-01-02 05:40:09

You can check that

(Expand LHS and show it's equal to RHS.) Hence

Adding up

Rearrange, noting that
, and you're done.

2013-01-02 05:06:34

how would we prove the identity:

in algebra?

Board footer

Powered by FluxBB