But I still have a doubt about #1 because it is talking about all rays and in the lesson these examples were given
Tom: Tara, try one of these red peppers fresh from the garden
Tara: That’s yummy, are fresh garden vegetables always so good?
Tara is observing the properties of the vegetables she is eating, and wants to reach a conclusion about all fresh garden vegetables. This is inductive reasoning.
Sue: Hey Sam, have some chocolate cake.
Sam: No thanks, I don’t like chocolate.
In this case, Sam is aware of properties of chocolate in general, and concludes therefore that this particular instance of chocolate, the chocolate on the cake, will not be pleasurable. This is an example of deductive reasoning: knowledge of abstract rules is used to make conclusions about a concrete instance.
So doesn't the make number 1 inductive because I am concluding about all rays or would it be deductive because I am using knowledge I know to make conclusions but I am not talking about a specific example I am talking about all rays and the lesson mentioned that When you use inductive reasoning, you generalize from specific examples and discover some kind of rule.When you use deductive reasoning, you may know something general, and use that information to predict something about something more concrete.