Hey all, lovely forum! I've got 2 problems, both seem to be pretty straight forward, but I'm getting stuck. I've used the notation for matrices that my calculator accepts... a comma seperates values in the same column, and a colon denotes the start of a new row, I also seperated rows with spaces to make it a bit easier to read
1) (this is paraphrased from Linear Algebra w/ Applications by Otto Bretscher)
two nxm matrices in reduced row-echelon form are the the same type if they have the same number of leading 1's in the same locations... i.e. [*1,2,0 : 0,0,*1] and [*1,3,0 : 0,0,*1] --- stars indicate corresponding leading 1's
How many types of 3x2 matrices in rref are there?
I get 3... [1,a : 0,0 : 0,0] [1,0 : 0,1 : 0,0] and the [0,0 : 0,0 : 0,0]
However, the book's answer is that there are 4 types... am I missing something??
2) (again paraphrased from the same book)
consider matrix A = [a,b : b,-a] where a^2+b^2=1
Find two nonzero perpendicular vectors 'v' and 'w' such that A*v=v and A*w=-w
Solve for the vectors in terms of 'a' and 'b'
For this one, the matrix 'A' is a reflection transformation, and in order for the reflection of 'v' to be equal to 'v,' I would imagine that 'v' has to be parallel to the line about which the reflection is taking place. I can't seem to find a way to get to the answer though.
The answer is given in the book as
v = [b : (1-a)]
w = [-b : (1+a)]
Sorry that this was so long Any help on either of these would be very much appreciated. Thanks a bunch!