Sorry, I was abbreviating: "To get the ratio of volumes you cube the length scale factor.

example of scale factors in a solid

A small cube has a side length 2. So its surface area is 6 x 2^2 = 24 and its volume is 2^3 = 8

If it is enlarged by a scale factor of x5, then the new length of a side is 2 x 5 = 10. The surface area is now 6 x 10^2 = 600 and the volume is 10^3 = 1000

The ratio of sides small : large = 1 : 5

The ratio of areas is 24 : 600 = 1: 25

The ratio of volumes is 8 : 1000 = 1 : 125

Hope that helps.

Bob

]]>To get the ratio of volumes you cube the length SF.

I'm also working on this problem.

Where did the "S" come from?

]]>Should I risk looking at those two problems ???

later edit:

First one: You can use pythag to calculate AF, FH and HA. Heron's formula will give you the area of AFH.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herons_formula

Take that as the base of the pyramid. The height will be half of CE. The volume = one third base area times height.

second one. I said earlier in your other thread that the small tetrahedron would be half the size of the large one. I now think that was wrong. Sorry.

Diagram below. Extend CF and BG to meet AD at P. These lines are medians for the triangular faces. So F will divide CP in the ratio 2:1 and similarly G.

So PFG and PCB are similar triangles with FG parallel to CB. And the ratio of sides will be 1:3

So that gives the length scale factor for the small:large tetrahedrons. To get the ratio of volumes you cube the length SF.

Bob

]]>my traingle was a 5-2sqrt6-7. the answer was 196pi

can you help on these two??

]]>Bob

]]>Excellent answers for (i) and (iii). I agree with both of these.

Diagram for (ii) below. I'm showing the sphere from the side so that you are looking across the plane of the circle. Then it appears as a line.

Little r is the radius of that circle, and big R is the radius of the sphere.

Hope that helps,

Bob

]]>A rectangle with height 8 and length 24 is wrapped around a cylinder with height 8. The rectangle perfectly covers the curved surface of the cylinder without overlapping itself at all. What is the volume of the cylinder?

A plane intersects a sphere, forming a circle that has area 24pi. If this plane is 5 units from the center of the sphere, then what is the surface area of the sphere?

A sphere is inscribed in a cylinder so that it is tangent to both bases of the cylinder, and tangent to the curved surface of the cylinder all the way around. If the volume of the cylinder is 54pi, then what is the volume of the sphere?

I'll give you a brief outline of a workable method for each of these. After you've given them a try, post back with answers for checking or ask for more help.

(i) The 24 will become the circumference of the cylinder. So you can work out the radius and then the volume.

(ii) Use the 24 pi to work out the radius of the circle. Then use Pythagoras to work out the radius of the sphere.

(iii) The diameter of the cylinder must equal the height. So you can work out the radius from this.

Bob

]]>A plane intersects a sphere, forming a circle that has area 24pi. If this plane is 5 units from the center of the sphere, then what is the surface area of the sphere?

A sphere is inscribed in a cylinder so that it is tangent to both bases of the cylinder, and tangent to the curved surface of the cylinder all the way around. If the volume of the cylinder is 54pi, then what is the volume of the sphere?

]]>